Why study Osaka-ben?
First, let’s take a look at the Kansai region.
The Kansai region consists of seven prefectures, Nara, Wakayama, Mie, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo and Shiga. The major cities of Kansai are Osaka, Kobe and Kyoto. With the mercantile spirit of Osaka, the rich history of the ancient capitals of Kyoto and Nara, and the modern, international style of Kobe, Kansai abounds in history and culture. Kansai is also home to two of the most iconic castles in Japan, Osaka castle, the biggest castle in Japan, and Himeji Castle, a beautiful white castle, the best example of an original Japanese castle (many other castles were severely damaged during WW2, having to be rebuilt with concrete, while Himeji Castle remained largely unscathed and except for a few small areas, is still constructed from stone and wood).
With a population of 24,406,000 people, Kansai accounts for 19.1% of Japan’s total population, and produces 18.5% of Japan’s GDP. Kansai is one of the 2 major regions of Japan, the other being Kanto (The greater Tokyo-Yokohama area). Together, Kansai and Kanto lead Japan in terms of both economy and population. Kansai and Kanto are very often compared and contrasted with each other, and a friendly rivalry exists between the two regions.
And now Osaka…
Osaka could be dubbed the capital of Kansai, being the biggest prefecture in terms of both population and economy. Osaka has a population of 8,800,000 people, 7% of the total population of Japan and 36% of the total population of the Kansai Region. Osaka prefecture has one of the strongest economies in Japan. Osaka’s economy is so powerful that it could be compared to the national economies of Australia and Holland.
At last, let’s talk about Osaka-ben!
The group of related dialects spoken in Kansai is referred to as “Kansai-Ben”. While there are differences among the individual dialects of the area, it can generally be said that any two kansai dialects are closer than any one kansai dialect is to hyoujungo (standard Japanese). Osaka being the biggest city in Kansai, it is little surprise that Osaka-ben is the most widely spoken dialect in Kansai. Despite minor differences between dialects, a firm grasp of Osaka-ben will enable you to easily understand and speak the majority of other Kansai dialects. In fact, many words in Osaka-ben are used in the entire southern half of Japan, and some are even found as far away as Kyushu!
Furthermore, Osaka is famous for its manzai comedians. Osaka is fiercely proud of its dialect, and Osaka’s comedians, unlike comedians from many other parts of Japan, speak and perform their acts in their native dialect. Due to this, Osaka-ben has gained nation-wide recognition, and speakers of Osaka-ben have a reputation for being humorous and entertaining. In fact, Tokyo people often imitate Osaka-ben when a