2. です, the Copula

です is a copula (a word used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate). It shows that something is or isn't something else. It is one of the very few irregular forms in Japanese. です can act like the English "to be" (you know; is, am, are...) in the sense that です is used to explain who or what something or someone is. It is also used when equating one thing with another.

Let's take a look.

ゾウ は 大きい です

Romaji: zou wa ookii desu.
Literal: elephants (topic particle) big are
Natural: Elephants are large.

これ は ねこ です

Romaji: kore wa neko desu.
Literal: this (topic particle) cat is
Natural: This is a cat.

Most of the time you want to use the "to be" verb you will use です. Later we wil