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Doko, Koko, and arimasu

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Doko, Koko, and arimasu

Postby keikanneko » Sun 12.18.2005 6:44 pm

im just wondering what these mean, Doko, Koko, and arimasu. in my grammer book, ive seen arimasu before but it was used after a -te form verb.


here is an example

白い 車はどこにありますか.ここにあります .

i pulled that out of a book i have. thanks for the help
Last edited by keikanneko on Sun 12.18.2005 6:50 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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RE: Doko, Koko, and arimasu

Postby aKuMu » Sun 12.18.2005 6:53 pm

if im not wrong it would be " Where is the white car"
so, doko means "where" and koko "here"
correct me if im wrong :s
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RE: Doko, Koko, and arimasu

Postby richvh » Sun 12.18.2005 6:54 pm

I think your example has a typo in the second sentence. Shouldn't the first word be ここ, since you were asking about koko?

Doko is "where", koko is "here". They are two from a set of kosoado, the other two being "soko" (there, near you) and "asoko" (there, away from us). "Arimasu" is the verb of existence for inanimate objects. Your example means "Where is the white car? It is here."

Edit: looks like you corrected the typo.
Last edited by richvh on Sun 12.18.2005 6:58 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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RE: Doko, Koko, and arimasu

Postby keikanneko » Sun 12.18.2005 7:05 pm

thanks guys, i guess thinking that arimasu had to be used after a -te form verb. i guess japanese isnt as rigid as im making it.
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RE: Doko, Koko, and arimasu

Postby spank » Sun 12.18.2005 8:38 pm

hey sir, in some cases, arimasu can follow the "te" form of a verb, but it means something else. It expresses the existence of some action being done.

for example.

手紙はもう書いてあります
tegami wa mou kaite arimasu.
The letters have already been written.

電気はもう点けてありました
denki wa mou tsukete arimashita
The lights had already been turned on.

B) spank
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RE: Doko, Koko, and arimasu

Postby Kisshu » Sun 12.18.2005 9:29 pm

Doko: Where

Koko: Here

Arimasu: "Exists" for inanimate objects
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