In japan do they use letter grading system? like A, B, C, D, F... etc.. Like in America?
Or is it 5, 4, 3, 2, 1.. etc...?
It's 1-5, but that doesn't begin to tell the tale.
Students are evaluated on a curve, based on how well they did compared with their classmates.
I recall a junior high teacher once telling me she broke it down like this:
10% of the class gets a 5
20% of the class gets a 4
40% of the class gets a 3
20% of the class gets a 2
10% of the class gets a 1
I'm not saying that was universal, just the way one teacher told me she
So the grades are based on a relative scale, not an absolute scale. Understand this and you'll understand why Japan makes such a honking big deal out of what school a kid goes to.
Imagine two schools and imagine that they give their students the same tests. You attend School "A" and your friend attends School "B".
In your class, as luck would have it, are a bunch of super brainiacs who always score near 100% on all their tests. You always bring up the rear, but still turn in scores of 90%+.
You get a 1.
In your friend's class are a bunch of dumbasses who have to be reminded to breathe. They're lucky if they get 20-30% on their tests. Your friend, on the other hand, is a bit brighter and always gets 40%.
He gets a 5.
Despite the fact that you've been running circles around him academically, he has a far better looking transcript than you do. As a tool for objective evaluation of the sort of education either of you has received, the transcript is rendered worthless. That's how the reputation
of the school becomes so important.
Never underestimate my capacity for pettiness.