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When to use ON or KUN reading?

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When to use ON or KUN reading?

Postby crazlunatic » Thu 08.03.2006 4:07 pm

I'm confused about knowing when to use the ON or KUN reading when reading Kanji.

For example:
小雨 - こさめ But how do you know its kosame and not shoame.
or
不安 - ふあん how would you know its read fuan, and not ぶあん。

thanks.
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RE: When to use ON or KUN reading?

Postby paul_b » Thu 08.03.2006 4:20 pm

crazlunatic wrote:
I'm confused about knowing when to use the ON or KUN reading when reading Kanji.

For example:
小雨 - こさめ But how do you know its kosame and not shoame.

Well "kun + kun" or "on + on" is the general rule for compound words.

Having said that the way you know it's kosame not koame is that you've looked it up in a dictionary. :-P

不安 - ふあん how would you know its read fuan, and not ぶあん。

That one you just know because you've heard it said a whole lot.
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RE: When to use ON or KUN reading?

Postby richvh » Thu 08.03.2006 4:25 pm

You learn the reading of the word with the word. There is no sure fire way to guess the reading of an unfamiliar word.
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RE: When to use ON or KUN reading?

Postby crazlunatic » Thu 08.03.2006 7:56 pm

Ah... I see. So you must know how to say it when those two words go together particularly.
Meaning if you've never heard of how to say uneasiness or drizzle, the only thing you can do is understand the kanji, but cannot read it out loud.

Is this the message I am receiving?
Thx guys =D.
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RE: When to use ON or KUN reading?

Postby AJBryant » Thu 08.03.2006 10:24 pm

No there are rules you can surmise. Percentages, really. MOST compound will be on'yomi, and MOST kanji have more standardized readings you can *assume* to be the correct ones -- but as with English, if you don't know the word you have to look it up anyway.


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