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When to use what?

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When to use what?

Postby buttervenus » Sat 07.25.2009 5:34 am

Hi,

What is the difference between 起きます,起きる、起きて?
Is the past tense of 起きます, 起きました? Then what is 起きて? It seems that 起きて is a finished action.

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In addition, when do we use が and は?
I got rather confused when doing my homework.

どのひと あなたの おにいさんですか。
Why can't we use は. Is it wrong?
( どのひと あなたの おにいさんですか。)


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I do not understand why in this question the answer is が not を.

きょうは あついですね。
わたしは みず  のみたいです。

わたしは みず  のみたいです。

Can someone explain to me :?:
buttervenus
 
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Re: When to use what?

Postby Nostrum » Sat 07.25.2009 12:54 pm

起きます - ます form of 起きる (present tense and polite)
起きる - dictionary form of 起きる (present tense and regular)
起きて - て form of 起きる

If you don't know what the て form is, look it up in whatever text book you use.

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が and は are both used to denote the topic, in a way. They differ in what part of the sentence they focus on. は introduces on the word before it, meaning "as for __", the following is true. が could be translated as "__ is the one that". が is often used to answer questions or ask questions. The reason you can't say どのひとは あなたの おにいさんですか。is because that is the equivalent of saying "as for which person, are they your brother?" which doesn't make sense.

If you want a better explanation, google "が and は" or "が and は difference", I'm sure there are articles on it.
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The たい form is like an adjective. You are saying "x is wanted" (where "wanted" is an adjective in japanese), not "x is being wanted at", so that's why x is not the object and doesn't use を.
Nostrum
 
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