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Linking nouns and adjectives

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Linking nouns and adjectives

Postby lonelytraveler8 » Mon 07.27.2009 12:48 am

I know how to say something like:

私は友達映画を見ました。 (My friend and I watched a movie)

But is it just as simple to link together more nouns, perhaps with three people?:

私は友達とお父さんと。。。 (My friend, father and I...)

I realize -と is used for linking nouns, so how would I say something like "The boy is kind and energetic"?

Edit: I have another quick question. What's the difference between する and やる?
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Re: Linking nouns and adjectives

Postby CerpinTaxt » Mon 07.27.2009 3:26 am

I realize -と is used for linking nouns, so how would I say something like "The boy is kind and energetic"?


I'll let someone else answer your other questions since I'm still a beginner also, but for linking adjectives you use the て form of it.

Kind= 親切(しんせつ) Since it is a な Adjective you attach a で to the end (親切で), then just link it to the second word, energetic.

The boy is kind and energetic
少年は親切で元気です。
しょうねんはしんせつでげんきです。

For い Adjectives the conjugation is different. Let's take 安い(やすい). Just cut the い out and attach くて so 安くて. An example might be...

This food was cheap and delicious.
この食べ物は安くておいしかったです。
このたべものはやすくておいしかったです。

If your using Genki Chapter 7 explains this.
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Re: Linking nouns and adjectives

Postby lonelytraveler8 » Mon 07.27.2009 3:41 pm

Thanks for the explanation. I'm glad to hear I'm not far from reaching this information in Genki.

I answered my first question today during a listening exercise, when three school subjects were combined using -と.

I'm still unsure of the difference between する and やる, though.
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Re: Linking nouns and adjectives

Postby two_heads_talking » Mon 07.27.2009 4:04 pm

lonelytraveler8 wrote:Thanks for the explanation. I'm glad to hear I'm not far from reaching this information in Genki.

I answered my first question today during a listening exercise, when three school subjects were combined using -と.

I'm still unsure of the difference between する and やる, though.


They are pretty similar.. Although yaru can be used as an informal way to say suru as well.
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Re: Linking nouns and adjectives

Postby lonelytraveler8 » Mon 07.27.2009 5:13 pm

It's that simple? They're basically the same except that やる can be more informal? Thanks!
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Re: Linking nouns and adjectives

Postby NocturnalOcean » Mon 07.27.2009 5:30 pm

lonelytraveler8 wrote:It's that simple? They're basically the same except that やる can be more informal? Thanks!


Not really. Yaru has LOTS of uses in Japanese. One of them is that it can be used as a replacement for suru when it comes to such things as 行動/仕事。Example : 今日はたくさん仕事をやった。

But it has so many uses, that you should look up in dictionary yourself, take a look at all the areas where it can be used.
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Re: Linking nouns and adjectives

Postby lonelytraveler8 » Mon 07.27.2009 7:35 pm

I tried looking it up in a couple of dictionaries, although not necessarily great ones as I'm not an expert on that, but I found this: http://nihongo.3yen.com/2005-04-21/diff ... tween-and/

Does that sum it up pretty well? If there's more to it, then that at least gives me a pretty good start on understanding.
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Re: Linking nouns and adjectives

Postby NocturnalOcean » Mon 07.27.2009 7:49 pm

That's some of it. But it still have other meanings.

It can be used for sending.
彼は彼女の見舞いに人をやった (He sent to inquire after her)
彼を大学にやる (Send him to college)
医者を呼びにやる (Send for the doctor)

It can be used for "put"
花瓶はどこへやった (Where did you put the vase?)

Or to give (与える)
彼のところへ娘を嫁にやる (give a daughter in marriage to him)

Or to show
その映画はいまやっています (The film is now showing(on))

Or to drink
私はタバコも酒もやらない

Other uses are 生活する, 営業する, 患う(Example: 去年肝炎をやった) Last year I had hepatitis

And in addition to this there are many uses of やる that you will come across.
But what was mentioned in that article is probably what is most frequent.
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Re: Linking nouns and adjectives

Postby lonelytraveler8 » Mon 07.27.2009 8:10 pm

Thanks for the explanation. Hopefully, it'll minimize confusion on my part should I encounter it in an unexpected situation in the future.
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