what does しまいます mean?

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milly
Posts: 8
Joined: Wed 08.25.2010 7:22 am
Native language: NA

what does しまいます mean?

Post by milly » Wed 08.25.2010 7:33 am

Hey everybody! I have problems with learning Japanese.

Here is my question:
What does しまいます mean?

I don't know when to use しまいます and ことが あります. For example,
1)映画を 見たことが あります。
2)映画を 見て しまいます。

What's the difference?

Thank you very much. :)

NileCat
Posts: 1168
Joined: Sat 08.01.2009 2:11 pm
Native language: Japanese
Location: Tokyo

Re: what does しまいます mean?

Post by NileCat » Wed 08.25.2010 12:01 pm

A) その映画を見たことがあります。
B) その映画は見てしまいました。

Although both of them could be translated as the present perfect form in English, the former tells of the experience in the past and the latter means that the act has already finished.

C) その映画を見てしまいます。

This is not the present perfect but the future perfect, I think.
I will have finished watching the film.

Well, しまいます has some other meanings according to the context though, it seems to me that your question was about the difference of those three usages, correct?

e.g.

今夜は何をしますか?
仕事を片付けてしまいます。

今月の目標はなんですか?
日本語の漢字を100個覚えてしまうことです。

ちょっと待って。出かける前に食器を洗ってしまいます。

milly
Posts: 8
Joined: Wed 08.25.2010 7:22 am
Native language: NA

Re: what does しまいます mean?

Post by milly » Thu 08.26.2010 2:56 am

Thank u soooooooo much NileCat. I finally understand there is a diff. between しまいました and
〜ことが あります rather than wt i've said "the diff. between しまいます and 〜ことが あります while しまいます is sth that I expect to be finished in the future which is wt u've said "future perfect tense". I got it!!! :D Thanks again. :) and ur examples are very clear.

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two_heads_talking
Posts: 4137
Joined: Thu 04.06.2006 11:03 am
Native language: English

Re: what does しまいます mean?

Post by two_heads_talking » Thu 08.26.2010 9:55 am

milly wrote:Thank u soooooooo much NileCat. I finally understand there is a diff. between しまいました and
〜ことが あります rather than wt i've said "the diff. between しまいます and 〜ことが あります while しまいます is sth that I expect to be finished in the future which is wt u've said "future perfect tense". I got it!!! :D Thanks again. :) and ur examples are very clear.
milly, please be very careful using text style abreviations. Many people here are not native English speakers and these abreviations while 'cool' can be very confusing. Just think if NileCat had used nihonrashi abreviations to answer your question, you'd have no idea what they were telling you..

common courtesy, it helps everyone.

milly
Posts: 8
Joined: Wed 08.25.2010 7:22 am
Native language: NA

Re: what does しまいます mean?

Post by milly » Mon 09.06.2010 7:25 am

I'm sorry if my words have confused some of you. I would be more aware of the abbreviations in my posts next time. :cry:

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