Word Order / Grammatical Structure

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アミーヌ
Posts: 2
Joined: Thu 10.02.2014 1:23 am
Native language: English

Word Order / Grammatical Structure

Post by アミーヌ » Thu 10.02.2014 2:17 am

I've been studying Japanese for 7 months now..? ughh with frequent breaks here and there, I've got hiro/kata and a couple of kanjis down with enough particles like (は、が、に、けど、と、なっかた、せん) to make small cute sentences.. I'm having serious issues trying to put things in places or understand how its suppose be written.. If its a short sentence I can understand decently, the longer it gets the worse it becomes for me to grasp.. Any tips for this problem.


-Thanks!

y suzu
Posts: 12
Joined: Fri 08.22.2014 2:32 am
Native language: Japanese

Re: Word Order / Grammatical Structure

Post by y suzu » Wed 12.10.2014 7:59 pm

Basically は and が come after the subject.
 I am Tom. 私はトムです。
が is used when you like to emphasis the subject.
 ''I'' am Tom. 私がトムです。

が(used as 'but') comes after the first sentence.
 I went there, but Tom didn't go. 
 私は行きましたが、トムは行きませんでした。

に  comes after an indirect object.xxxに (for/to xxx)
 I wrote a letter to Tom.
 私はトムに手紙を書きました。

けど comes after ''sentence(+です/ます)''.
 Today it rains, but I can go.
 今日は雨ですけど、行けます。

と(used as 'then') comes after the verb.
 When I went there, (then) he was not there.
 私が行くと、彼はいなかった。

なかった comes after the verb/adverb.
 I didn't go.
 私はいかなかった。

せん comes ''verb+ません(polite)''
The negative form of ます is 'ません'.
 I won't go.
 私は行きません。
I hope it would help you.

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