View topic - 時 And 時間
時間 is used only to mean "o'clock" or quantify time (3 hours as a sum and 3 o'clock on the dial) while 時 is used for "o'clock" and ideas like "occasion," "period," "moment," etc.
8時に寝る is "I will sleep from 8" while 8時間寝る is "I will sleep 8 hours"
But 時間 can be used as あの時間は外に居た or At that time I was outside. Here it's a period of time during which you were outside.
However - 学生の時に髪を染めました employs 時 as "when" as in "when I was a student, I dyed my hair."
It could also be translated as "During the period I was a student, I dyed my hair" but this is not only needlessly complicated but also uses "period" to talk about a time in the past that cannot be expressed in a meaningful amount of hours.
Now there are some very unfortunate words when 時間 becomes "o'clock" and it's miserable all around for memorization purposes. Examples are 就寝時間 (bedtime) and 現地時間 (local time). Think of these two as the mastercard logo with a little overlap in meaning, but mostly seperate.
Easy Peazy Summaryz:
時間 is amount of time
時 is everything else to do with time
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時間 is used as a substitute for the word "time" or when gauging an amount of time. I don't think it can be used as "o'clock."
時 is used for "o'clock" or "when"
寝る時間 -- time to sleep
食べた時 -- when I ate
ご飯の時間 -- Lunch Time
５時間寝た -- I slept for 5 hours
寝たとき -- when I was asleep
Ippatsu // Japanesetesting.com
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