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Probelms with the particles ha/wa, de and ga

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Probelms with the particles ha/wa, de and ga

Postby shikamarufoo » Wed 01.18.2006 2:57 pm

Minasan Ohayo~

I've had Japanese class for a while and I've gotten familiar with the ha/wa particle, but not much with the ga particle. Also with the de particle, when to use it as opposed to the ni particle? I can't understand when to use the other one or the other one. I was wondering if you could "school" me on these particles.
Also how do you type in japanese katakana, hiragana, and kanji? Do I need a certain keyboard or something.
Thanks in advance. ~
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RE: Probelms with the particles ha/wa, de and ga

Postby mandolin » Wed 01.18.2006 3:10 pm

Typing in Japanese:

FAQ's are handy.

wa and ga:

Simple explanation:

Wa is a topic particle. Any time something has the postposition 'wa' you can say "as for <word>," watashi wa = "As for me,"; kyou wa = "As for today,"

ga is emphatic, used to stress something to differentiate it from a number of other choices. Often it is used to answer a question. "Who is the student?" "I am the student (as opposed to the other 2 people with me, who are not students)".

certain adjectives must be used with 'ga'. Like 'suki' (likeable).

neko ga suki desu. = I like cats.

More literally, that is "Cats (not dogs, gerbils, rats, horses) are likeable."


de and ni.. a little more difficult, but I'll try:

first, ni can mean a few things. It can mean the place where something is located now, or as a destination (in time or space).

de will show where action took place, so the person is there, but they also did/are doing something there.

I was at the theater.
I watched a movie at the theater.

eigakan ni imashita.
eigakan de eiga o mimashita.
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RE: Probelms with the particles ha/wa, de and ga

Postby shikamarufoo » Wed 01.18.2006 3:34 pm

thanks for the useful info I think I get the ha/wa and ga particles a little bit more;)!
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RE: Probelms with the particles ha/wa, de and ga

Postby zengargoyle » Thu 01.19.2006 4:31 am

you might also want to check out this article, there's a nice bit on wa/ga in the middle.
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