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To have to

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To have to

Postby Kirtar » Tue 05.08.2007 1:40 pm

Hello. This is my first post on these boards (I come here a lot though, a lot of helpfull topics).

I was wondering how to say in Japanese that you 'have to do' something.

In Spanish, I think it was something like one verb was conjugated and the other was left infinitive. I think it was something like 'Tengo que ir' (I have to go) with to have conjugated and to go infinitive.

Does it work the same in Japanese?

Can some give a few examples?

Thanks
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RE: To have to

Postby tanuki » Tue 05.08.2007 1:43 pm

Unfortunately, it's not that easy in Japanese.

Look here for a good explanation. Please note that in order to understand that, you need previous knowledge of the te-form, conditionals...
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RE: To have to

Postby richvh » Tue 05.08.2007 1:45 pm

Richard VanHouten
ゆきの物語
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RE: To have to

Postby tanuki » Tue 05.08.2007 1:46 pm

Thanks, Rich!
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RE: To have to

Postby keatonatron » Wed 05.09.2007 6:05 am

Rich is the best! He's always the fastest at answering questions! Yay!
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RE: To have to

Postby Kirtar » Wed 05.09.2007 9:09 am

Thanks for the links
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RE: To have to

Postby I-samu » Wed 05.09.2007 10:25 pm

Generally with verbs, you use the short form of the verb, and take off the "i" and add "nakucha". Like:

食べなくちゃ- I must/have to/gotta eat
見なくちゃ I must/have to/gotta see
行かなくちゃ I must/have to/gotta eat
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RE: To have to

Postby Yudan Taiteki » Wed 05.09.2007 10:35 pm

"Generally" does not apply to a very casual, contracted form. The links above answer the questions already.
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RE: To have to

Postby flammable hippo » Wed 05.09.2007 10:49 pm

If you want a casual, contracted form, try なきゃ:

食べなきゃ
行かなきゃ
急がなきゃ 

etc
Last edited by flammable hippo on Wed 05.09.2007 10:49 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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二つのマフィンがオーブンで焼かれていた。片方のマフィンがもう一方のマフィンに向かって、"暑いね”と言った。すると、話しかけられたほうのマフィンは"アッ!喋るマフィンだ!”と驚いた。 :)
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RE: To have to

Postby Yudan Taiteki » Wed 05.09.2007 11:12 pm

the -nakucha form is fine, it's just not "generally" what is used.
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