Learn Japanese with JapanesePod101.com

View topic - Colors...

Colors...

Have a Question about some Grammar point? Share it with the world!

Colors...

Postby Knicolle » Fri 06.06.2008 9:19 pm

Hello!

I started Rosetta Stone Japanese (Homeschool version) about a month ago, and I am on disc 1, unit 1, lesson 3.

On that particular lesson they teach the colors. They are a little selective when they use the "i" at the end of a color (e.g: aka, akai; shiro, shiroi, and so on...), so I wondered... when is putting an "i" at the end of something like that necessary? Is that turning it into an adjective (I haven't studied adjectives much, but I realized that many of the adjectives have "i"s at the end... such as sugoi, kawaii, and such...)?

I hope I don't sound like an idiot, I just want to make sure I understand. :D

Thanks in advance for any answer!
Knicolle
 
Posts: 4
Joined: Fri 03.14.2008 4:30 am

Re: Colors...

Postby richvh » Fri 06.06.2008 9:46 pm

You can't just add -i to random words to turn them into adjectives. There are two classes of adjectives, -na adjectives and -i adjectives. The latter are (essentially) all native words; the former include (essentially) all foreign words used as adjectives, whether they are ancient words from Chinese, or modern borrowings from English.

Even among the colors, there are only a handful that can be used as -i adjectives, the rest are treated as nouns (or, as they are sometimes termed, -no adjectives.)
Richard VanHouten
ゆきの物語
richvh
 
Posts: 6451
Joined: Thu 09.29.2005 10:35 pm

Re: Colors...

Postby Knicolle » Fri 06.06.2008 10:49 pm

Ok, thank you for your answer! :)
Knicolle
 
Posts: 4
Joined: Fri 03.14.2008 4:30 am

Re: Colors...

Postby OitaFish » Sat 06.07.2008 6:03 am

I'm not sure if it was clear from richvh's post but you are right to be thinking あか (aka) is a noun and あかい (akai) is an adjective and the same thing with しろ and しろい (shiro and shiroi). Just don't make the assumption that adding i to make an adjective is a rule that can be followed for everything.

For example, みどり (midori) is the noun green. You can't add i to it to make it an adjective.
User avatar
OitaFish
 
Posts: 94
Joined: Wed 01.30.2008 1:34 am
Location: Oita, Japan

Re: Colors...

Postby coco » Sun 06.08.2008 11:40 am

coco
 
Posts: 3061
Joined: Mon 05.30.2005 12:43 am
Location: 東京都
Native language: 日本語(Japanese)


Return to Grammar Questions and Problems

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 5 guests