View topic - 日本語が分かりますか vs 日本語を分かりますか
「日本語が分かりますか」 or 「日本語を分かりますか」 ?
While as far as I know が is the proper one, and the translators and google seem to agree, I can't really explain why and was hoping someone here could enlighten all of us as to why there does appear to be some usage of the を form (and is it correct?).
- Site Admin
- Posts: 1762
- Joined: Sun 01.29.2006 8:43 pm
- Location: Michigan, USA
- Native language: U.S. English (米語)
- Gender: Male
I can't comment on を actually being used in certain circumstances because my knowledge is too limited but hopefully this helps to clear up why we use が
Did some more looking in a book of mine, and it was as I expected but didn't want to write without knowing for sure
わかる normally takes が to indicate the object of comprehension, HOWEVER it must take を when "non-spontaneous comprehension" is involved, as in causative sentences or sentences where the speaker makes a conscious effort to understand something.
Examples listed are as follows.
It is hard to make a small child comprehend the death of a parent.
Dustin does not try to understand Phreadom's feelings.
- Posts: 589
- Joined: Sun 07.13.2008 9:41 pm
- Native language: English
- Gender: Male
Instead they say 「日本語が分かりますか。」 (Understand Japanese?)
As we already know, が is used because we are referring to this specific language --- "Japanese".
While both sentences make sense, maybe by adding something to the sentence, you might be able to see the difference:
日本語の新聞を[読んだ後で]分かりますか。 Do you understand after reading the Japanese newspaper?
日本語の聞き取りを[聞いて]分かりますか。 Do you understand the listening comprehension?
In daily casual conversation, often, things a bit here and there tend to leave unsaid, yet it still makes sense.
Just stick to 「日本語が分かりますか。」
- Posts: 1656
- Joined: Fri 11.18.2005 10:07 am
- Native language: English speaking family
Japanese use below. You can choose as you like.
日本語を話せますか? （はなせますか）Can you speak Japanese?
日本語が分かりますか? （わかりますか）Do you understand Japanese?
日本語を御存知ですか? （ごぞんじですか）Do you know Japanese?
If you ask 日本語を知っていますか? , it might sound little bit rude
and 御存知ですか? is polite.
日本語を分かる人は居られませんか? Is there someone who can understand Japanese?
(おられませんか? is polite than いませんか?)
In this case, I realized 日本語が分かる人は居られませんか? is also natural. Both OK.
日本語を話せる人は居られませんか? and 日本語が話せる人は居られませんか? both OK.
Anyway, 日本語を分かりますか? is almost OK but sounds strange.
- Posts: 17
- Joined: Sun 06.06.2010 7:35 am
- Native language: Japanese
Who is online
Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 9 guests