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Words in katakana

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Words in katakana

Postby genxia » Wed 02.09.2011 8:29 pm

Hello everyone. :D

In my Japanese class, we're going to have a katakana quiz. Our professor gave us a list of words (in English) to translate. I've been using online dictionaries but I want a second opinon on some of the words. Though I realize that some words can be translitterated in diffrent ways! (like Violin, lol). The main dictionary used was jisho.org. We still have some confusion on these words given.

Apartment
Jiso says:アパートメント
We've got: アパート (mainly from our Genki I textbook)

Cab
I got: カブ
My friend got:キャブ

Chicago
Jisho says: シカゴ
But why not use: シャカゴ

Notebook
ノート or ノートブック
(my professor did make a note of how some Japanese loanwords are shortened like for the words Supermarket, Department Store, Convience store...)

And finally

supermarket
is it スーパーマーケット or スーパ
And it it is スーパ, why write スーパ instead of スパー?

Another short question. How can you tell if the loanword is going to be shortened in Japanese? We're really confused about that.

どうもありがとうございます!^、^
genxia
 
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Re: Words in katakana

Postby chikara » Wed 02.09.2011 10:05 pm

genxia wrote:....
Apartment
Jiso says:アパートメント
We've got: アパート (mainly from our Genki I textbook) ...

Both are OK but I believe アパート is more common.

genxia wrote:....
Cab
I got: カブ
My friend got:キャブ ...

Cab is キャブ but if you mean taxi then it is タクシー.

genxia wrote:....
Chicago
Jisho says: シカゴ
But why not use: シャカゴ ...

シカゴ

シャカゴ would be shar-car-go but the "i" in Chicago is soft.

genxia wrote:....
Notebook
ノート or ノートブック ...

Both are OK but I believe ノート is more common.

genxia wrote:....
supermarket
is it スーパーマーケット or スーパ
And it it is スーパ, why write スーパ instead of スパー? ...

スーパーマーケット or スーパー

genxia wrote:.... How can you tell if the loanword is going to be shortened in Japanese? We're really confused about that. ....

Experience. :)
Don't complain to me that people kick you when you're down. It's your own fault for lying there
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