Need Help when to use the "te form"

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fcleeph
Posts: 2
Joined: Tue 11.12.2013 5:54 am
Native language: Tagalog

Need Help when to use the "te form"

Post by fcleeph » Tue 11.12.2013 6:42 am

Hello Everyone.
Could someone help me understand when to use or how to conjugate the ~につれて form and ~につれin the sentence ?
As same as ~にしたがって、 ~にしたがい 
~に比べて、 ~に比べ
~にかわって、 ~にかわり
I will really appreciate if someone can explain this to me.

Thank you.

richvh
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Re: Need Help when to use the "te form"

Post by richvh » Tue 11.12.2013 12:31 pm

て form followed by another (non-helper) verb indicates a time dependence: AてBた you did A and then you did B.

Root form followed by another verb has no time dependence between the two: You did A and B.
Richard VanHouten
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fcleeph
Posts: 2
Joined: Tue 11.12.2013 5:54 am
Native language: Tagalog

Re: Need Help when to use the "te form"

Post by fcleeph » Wed 11.13.2013 8:51 am

richvh wrote:て form followed by another (non-helper) verb indicates a time dependence: AてBた you did A and then you did B.

Root form followed by another verb has no time dependence between the two: You did A and B.
But what about if it is followed by a noun? for example taking the case of ~に比べて(て form) and ~に比べ(root form) both have the same meaning of  "compared to"

~に比べて
ex: 兄に比べて、弟はよく勉強する
Compared to the older brother, the younger brother studies more

~に比べ
ex:今年は去年に比べ、雨の量が多い。
There is more rain this year compared to last year.

With the given examples above , can I interchangeably use the てform and root form?
[*]兄に比べ、弟はよく勉強する。
[*]今年は去年に比べて、雨の量が多い。
if so, when should I use the て form and the root form?

NileCat
Posts: 1168
Joined: Sat 08.01.2009 2:11 pm
Native language: Japanese
Location: Tokyo

Re: Need Help when to use the "te form"

Post by NileCat » Wed 11.13.2013 10:00 am

Adding ‘te’ makes it sound more colloquial.
Meaning-wise, they are interchangeable.
The ‘root form’ is often used in something like news articles, academic essays, novels or such.

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