View topic - Hello to all who might be able to help me with a question
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- Joined: Wed 08.03.2005 1:52 pm
This is a basic example of the Japanese sentence structure:
watashi wa mizu o nomimasu. = I drink water.
'nomu' is 'to drink', i used polite form above, but you will get all that when you begin to study verbs. A Japanese sentence ends with the verb. Other than that, there are not many rules for how the sentence is built, only that the less important information is first in the sentence in long sentences. 'wo' is the particle which implifies that it is the water i drink. Let's try another one, with an adjective:
kono neko wa kawaii desu. = This cat is cute.
'kono' means this, 'neko' means cat and 'kawaii' means cute. A particle is always used after the word it modifies. In this case the subject is 'neko' and the particle is 'wa'. 'wa' is the subject marker, written as hiragana 'ha'. By writing 'kono neko wa kawaii desu', you implify that it is the cat which is cute. The adjective is written after 'wa'
kyou no tenki wa atsui desu. = Today the weather is hot.
'kyou' means today, 'tenki' means weather. 'no' is a particle which shows a relationship between two things. In this case 'no' is written after 'kyou' because it is todays weather which is hot. We will take a new example with 'no'. Here, 'wa' implifies that the weather is hot.
watashi no kuruma wa takai desu. = My car is expensive.
'watashi no' means my, 'kuruma' means car and 'takai' means expensive. In this case, 'no' implifies that it is 'my car' which is expensive.
です is copula. it has conjugations like a verb, with both informal and formal conjugations. You will get to this when you begin to study verbs, because copula is counted in as a verb.
You can learn alot by looking around this site, especially in the grammar section.
I hope this helps just a tiny bit.
Sorry for my lack in English, if there should be any problems.
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