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Negative verbs

Oni's picture
It isn't a sin to be negative. Interesting I should say that... 'sin' sounds like 'sen' which marks the negative in Japanese in the -masu form. (Ok, so I set that one up...)

話せます hanasemasu - can speak becomes...

私は、日本語が話せません。
watashi wa nihongo ga hanasemasen.
(I) can`t speak Japanese.

分かります wakarimasu - understand becomes...

私は、英語が分かりません。
watashi wa eigoga wakarimasen.
(I) don`t understand English.

If you can make the -masu form, just drop the す and add the せん。

You may have noticed there are no `no` words needed to make a negative like in English. You simply modify the verb`s ending.

To make the negative in the plain, or simple, form by taking the basic stem and adding ない to it.

With the `ru` verbs you simply drop the る and add ない as in 忘れ wasureru (to forget)...

日本語を忘れない
nihongo o wasurenai.
(I) don`t forget Japanese.

And for the `u` verbs we change the ending `u` sound to a `a` sound as in 書く kaku -> 書か...

手紙を書かない
tegami o kakanai.
(I) don`t write letters.

Finally we come to する and the other irregular verbs.

する is しない in the simple form and しません in the polite form

スカイダイビングをしません
sukaidaibingu o shimasen.
(I) don`t do sky diving.

And 来る kuru is 来ない konai and 来ません kimasen in the formal...

ゴジラが来ない
gojira ga konai.
Godzilla doesn`t come.

To review the 3 types of verbs click here.

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Thank you Sir. Is it as a

Thank you Sir.
Is it as a rule that the verbs to which たい is added act as -i adjectives? This wasn't mentioned on the page(Ch-2, part 17) in which adding たい was taught.

たい form acts like い-adjective

Yes, both the たい and ない conjugations form words that act like い-adjectives. I'm not sure what lesson that might be mentioned in or if it's in a lesson. (I didn't write these pages, though I learned a few things from them!)

Are there some verbs to which

Are there some verbs to which ~kunai is added to make them negative?I have heard in anime verbs such as -
Maketakunai(not lose)
Nakitakunai(not cry)
(Though I don't know the root of verbs lose and cry)
These are verbs that use ~kunai for making negative, and it is also true that apart from these verbs I haven't heard any other verb with ~kunai.

Nope.

負けたくない(maketakunai) is from まける becoming 負けたい (want to lose), which although it's a conjugation of a verb, the たい form itself results in an i-adjective.
So, the i-adjective 負けたい is made negative as 負けたくない ('don't want to lose') by the rules of i-adjectives.

泣く(なく) -> なきたい -> なきたくない ('don't want to cry')

Moving lesson suggestion

I think this lesson should come first before #35: ~なければなりません, don't you think? To be able to use ~なければなりません, we should be able to know what the negative form of the verb is and for #35, what was only shown was the negative forms for 形容動詞 (-る verbs) and for する.

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