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3. "and" - と、そして

Oni's picture

There are several ways to say "and" (connecting words and phrases). Let's look at two of them:

と (to) - connecting nouns

わたし は 日本語  英語  フランス語 が 話せます。

  • watashi wa nihongo to eigo to furansugo ga hanasemasu.
  • I can speak Japanese and English and French.
そして (soshite) - connecting phrases

新しい本を買いました。 そして今日から読みます。

  • atarashii hon o kaimashita. soshite kyou kara yomimasu.
  • I bought a new book. And I today I will start to read it. (lit. And from today, I'll read.)

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pauro03's picture

ano, minna sumimasen...


ScribeOrigins, MKD 「先生のことが」

courbois's picture

why do you use kanji so soon

I would like to know why you use advanced kanji so soon already.

I mean, I have just come from the hiragana pages, and now are making my first strides in the katakana pages and at the same time am starting these grammar pages. I have decided not to skip the katakana because they are a real part of the Japanese language, and I think it's necessary to know them. If at least, to prevent from incorrectly interpreting them in the future as some unknown kanji. Well, sorry but I am new to this language and I'm afraid this might happen.

Do you suggest that I finish the katakana section before I start the grammar, so that I can put my full attention to the combination of grammar and kanji?
I did get the impression that there is a structure in learning kanji.

If those kanji really are necessary at this time, because for some reason hiragana cannot be used, them please add furigana.
Thank you.

pauro03's picture

I've studied in a school about Japanese..

This is the sequence of our teacher in teaching us... 1st is Hiragana, next is katakana, then grammar, lastly kanjis... だからがんばってください!そして、にほんっごのべんきょうをべんきょうしてくださいね?

ScribeOrigins, MKD 「先生のことが」

dane.calderon's picture


新 買 今 日 読 - these are all grade 1 kanji, and will be among the first you learn, but its probably smart to get kana and grammar down first.

Ongakuka's picture


Personally I agree; have your hiragana and katakana comfortably memorized so that you can recognize them at ease. It's not a lengthy task and they will both be like ABC before long.

This page doesn't really need furigana because you can see underneath the text is written in Romaji text. Once you have mastered kana, try to learn to recognize kanji as the more you look them up the more they will be reinforced. You can look them up by copying and pasting them into an online dictionary or using a kanji reading tool like rikaichan.


を and が

what i know is that both を and が are object particles. So, how and when to use it? Please do tell me!!!

Please teach me a lot.

Prof3ssorMGW's picture

To your Q

Well the wo/o particle is usually used for when a verb is being used in accord with the object (I'm not very good with words. :P) For example, Boku wa tabemono o tabete (I eat food) eating is the verb and food is the object related to the verb so a o goes in between them. Hope this helps!

Ongakuka's picture

'ga' is a subject marker

を is 'the' object marker, usually indicating an action represented by a verb. Compared to other particles I would describe it as neutral.

日本語を読む (I) read Japanese

が is a subject marker that highlights the word it is marking. On the other hand, は highlights what comes after it, and is often used to introduce new topics.

私はJimです(Introducing new topic) Vs 私がJimです(I'M Jim - in response to a question.)

「日本語が読む」 would sounds wrong, but 「日本語が読める」is possible, because the verb is in the potential form. If you want to highlight the 'can read' part, you should use 「日本語は読める」


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