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12. "if" - もし

Oni's picture

We will look at a few examples that actually contain fairly advanced grammar. In other words, to say "if..." you must start with もし moshi-- and this is easy. However, you must also change the verb at the end with a ~ば ba, たら tara, or なら nara or some other conditional.

That being said, you should become familiar with もし moshi since it is extremely useful. Try to memorize one or two example sentences and then listen or look for other examples online or with friends.

English Japanese
If you come.
  • もし あなた が きたら。
  • moshi anata ga kitara.
If it's sunny.
  • もし はれ たら。
  • moshi hare tara.
Special useful phrases

もし よければ。。。

  • moshi yokereba...
  • If it is ok with you... [let's do this...]

もし ほしかったら、

  • moshi hoshikattara,
  • If you want (it),
  • (when offering something to someone)

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Flash Trauma's picture

Desu

Which suffix do you use for desu in this case?

Freedom is the depression caused by the awareness of reality.

Reply to "Desu"

For desu, the formal: Desu --> dattara
for the negative: Dewa arimasen --> dewa nakattara

Hope this helped!

I

So "If I" would be Watashi wa moshi right?

Almost correct. Since the

Almost correct. Since the word order is different in Japanese it becomes "moshi watashi wa/ga" :)

もし- and Changing the verb

How do you know when to use -ば ba, -たら tara, -なら nara.

for the example.

もし あなた が きたら.
moshi anata ga kitara.
If you come.

How can we know that -たら tara is the way we must change the verb きる kiru.

When is the best way。。。

When is the best way to add ~tara and ~nara at the end? Like, is ~tara for verbs????? pls help.. どうも ありがとう ございます。

Justin McCloud's picture

sorry i ment nara

sorry i ment nara

clay's picture

Thanks. I just uploaded a

Thanks. I just uploaded a few example sentences with audio here: http://www.thejapanesepage.com/grammar/nara

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Justin McCloud's picture

do you have an example using

do you have an example using ba at the end?

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