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9. Pronouns

Oni's picture

Pronouns are not used nearly as much in Japanese as they are in English. Often the pronoun is used once and then after (until the topic shifts to someone else) the pronoun is dropped. Still they are very important!

  • Learn watashi and anata well
  • tachi and ra are endings that indicate plurality! Easy! :)
Singular Plural
  • I - わたし watashi
  • WE - わたしたち watashi tachi
  • YOU - あなた anata
  • YOU - あなたたち anata tachi
  • HE - かれ kare
  • THEY - かれら kare ra
  • SHE - かのじょ kanojo
IT - IT isn't used but in ITs place sore (that) is often used -- Don't worry! Remember to breath!
  • Another meaning of kare (he) is actually "boyfriend" and kanojo is "girlfriend"!

When the meaning is obvious, the pronoun is usually dropped. Both of the following is clear in meaning:


  • watashi wa amerika kara kimashita.
  • I came from America.


  • amerika kara kimashita.
  • (I) came from America.

See the "I, Me, You, Thou..." guide for more on pronouns.

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Kind of confused...

Okay; the word for "To Come" is 来る which is 'kuru'. Here it is showing きました - so I can only assume that being an irregular verb; it is turned into a single "ki" rather than "kuri"? I have done very little studying with verbs as I was using some material that I started to find contradictions with other material. I then found this wonderful site but am finding that commenters are correcting a lot of REALLY basic things which I have also found to be a little odd... I'm starting to doubt whether this is the greatest site to learn my grammar from - aside from using the comments to help add notes or correct things which seem a little off.

It would be great if somebody could confirm that this is the case and I at least have the right idea... I definitely have a lot of work to do though; maybe things will seem clearer down the road.