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On, In, Above, Behind

Oni's picture
A good knowledge of position particles will help glue everything together. にni - on
本があります。 tsukue ni hon ga arimasu. There is a book on the desk.

のうえに no ue ni - on top of
のうえに本があります。 tsukue no ue ni hon ga arimasu. There is a book on (top of) the desk.

のしたに no shita ni - under...
のしたに本があります。 tsukue no shita ni hon ga arimasu. There is a book under the desk.

の後ろに no ushiro ni - behind...
の後ろに本があります。 tsukue no ushiro ni hon ga arimasu. There is a book behind the desk.

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