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Making the て form

Oni's picture

If you know how to make this form, you can do a lot!  Later we will look at other grammar points that are based on the te form.  By itself the te form makes a verb a request (or demand) 

1. のむ nomu (to drink) Arrow Image のん nonde (drink)
2. たべる taberu (to eat) Arrow Imageたべtabete (eat)
3. する suru (to do) Arrow Image shite (do)

These are the ways to make the te form for each of the 3 types of verbs.  If you are new to the "types of verbs" thing, don't worry. 

Now I know there are many grammarians out there that would argue against what I am about to say, but here's my advice.  Don't worry about learning all the confusing rules about how to make this verb do that (just yet).  Just say it as you feel it should be.  Of course you will make many mistakes, but if you keep your ears open and learn from your mistakes you will get a feel for how the verbs work. 

Take the te form for an example.  If you memorize the 3 examples at the top you should be able to guess what other verbs may change to.  Or even if you guess wrong, the correct form should be at least familiar to you.

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Varien Nexus's picture

A bit late, but

For anyone who comes here with the same question:
There are two overall possibilities to answer this, the first being "is it/would it be possible to do _____", and the second being "may I do _____"

First, I'll cover the possibilities.
In order to say possibilities, like "Can/Can't", there's another verb form you need.

With this verb form, these are the rules:

ごだんどうし(~う verbs): Take the last kana, and change it to its' corresponding ~え form, such as 行くー>行け、 死ぬー>死ね、Etc. Then, all you need to do is add ~る. If you'll notice, every ~う verb that is changed to the "Potential" form turns into an ”いちだんどうし”, a "る" verb. They can be conjugated in the same way as well.
Examples:
行くー>行ける : (I) can go (informal present, i.e, dictionary tense)
飲むー>飲める : (I) can drink

いちだんどうし are formed quite a bit differently, their simple to grasp, except I find them to be a bit of a tongue twister.
First, you take a normal ~る verb, and take away the る. Then, add ~られる to the end of it. Same as the ごだんどうし, these become いちだんどうし once conjugated, and can be re-conjugated to suit your needs.
Examples:
食べるー>食べられる : (I) can eat
切れるー>切れられる : (I) can cut

There are a few kinks with the potential tense, however. There is no direct object with "possibilities", so you absolutely cannot use the ”を” particle. Instead, you can use ”は”, ”が”, ”も”, or whichever one suits your needs. Mostly you will need to use ”が”.
Also, 聞こえる will always, ALWAYS mean "is audible", not "am able to hear" in the potential tense. The same thing with 見える, it will always mean "is visible", not "am able to see".
Last but not least, there is one interesting verb that means "is possible", but is actually a mix of two smaller verbs, ”ある” and ”得る”(eru). They mix to become ”あり得る”(ありえる). The funny part is, in the present informal tense (and in this tense alone), it can be pronounced ”ありうる”. In any other tense, it can only be pronounced ありえ~, as in ”あり得ない”, "is not possible".

You can come up with some great stuff with this tense, and ask quite a few questions.
水が飲めるか? : Can I drink water? (Would it be possible for me to drink water?)
それが食べられない! : I can't eat that! (could be rude by saying this, as in it's too terrible to eat, or you could be indicating a food allergy. They might suspect a food allergy first unless you indicate you're joking with body language)
今日、行けない : I can't go today (there's some condition keeping you behind)
そんあことがあり得ない! : That kind of thing would never happen! (that kind of situation could not physically happen/would not happen ever in the history of the universe. If you can imagine two guys talking about a girl one of them likes and the other brings up dating, they might say something like this)

The second possibility of answering your question would be much, much simpler. Requests might be something you've covered by now if you've looked at the ”~て” verb form in depth, and can be formed by saying ”~も好いですか?”(mo ii desu ka?) after a ~て-form verb. Here, the kanji ”好い” roughly means "good", and can be interchanged with other similar kanji that mean the same thing.
”~も好いですか?” asks for permission of the action being described.
それ水お飲んでも好いですか? : Can I drink that water?
あなたは食べなかったら、好いです。 : This is supposed to mean "It's ok if you didn't eat", but I'm almost positive it reads "it's a good thing if you didn't eat". If anyone reading this knows the correct way to translate "It's ok if you didn't eat", I would appreciate it.
私たちは出ても好いですか? : Is it alright if we leave?
私も行っても好いですか? : Is it alright if I go too?

And that about sums up "able to's". My grammar might be a bit off in places, I'm still learning, after all.

thnQ

thnQ

Live to eat , don't eat to live :€

i did not understand the

i did not understand the meaning of nonde.....
is it like....you there , DRINK. (an order)
or is it like...please can i DRINK? (request)

Live to eat , don't eat to live :€

Frea's picture

About のんで・"nonde"

Speaking about のんで, it is the ~て form of のむ『to drink』. It could be put in different forms such as :

1. コーヒをのんでください。(Please drink coffee.)
2. みずをのんで、しょくじをたべなさい。(Please have the meal, after you drink water)

Also, keeping in mind how to order someone to drink something, a form like this could be used - のもう。『飲もう』

ろす's picture

Depends on the topic

I think it depends on the topic, so if 'I' was the topic, it would mean "can I drink" but if 'you' or something else is the subject, i think it depends on context or tone; because you can say 'drink' softly as in 'please drink this' or you can say it sharply like 'Drink this now'

Frea's picture

"Can i drink"

I am sorry - am confused . Would that be a phrase like this?

___を飲んではいいですか。

てつだってください。/ please help /

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