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24. "become" - に なります

Oni's picture

To show the state of becoming... something, use ~に なります ni narimasu.

The ni is placed after what something is becoming (or became, or might become... depending on the conjugation used, as the examples illustrate below).

The narimasu means to become. Nouns and -na adjectives use ni narimasu. -i adjectives are different, but for now there are enough useful nouns to look at:

Examples
  • 夜 に なりました
  • yoru ni narimashita.*
  • It has become night.

* ~mashita shows past

  • 友達 に なりましょう
  • tomodachi ni narimashou.*
  • Let's become friends.

* the ~mashou means "let's"

  • げんき に なりました
  • genki ni narimashita.
  • (I) have become fine / healthy.

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ろす's picture

after?

here it says that に なります is placed after what is becoming something, but in all the examples, it looks like it's after what the thing became.

micahcowan's picture

Re: after?

Yes, you're right; the text on this page is wrong.

to become

I real get the concept on how to make the difference between future and the past sentences from the word narimasu i.e

----masshita shows the past
___mashou shows the future

re: to become

-masu is present. The present tense also acts as future. Maybe this will help.
http://www.guidetojapanese.org/blog/2008/05/26/actually-japanese-has-fut...
-mashita does show past, that something already happened. -mashou, however, indicates an exhortation to do something, that is, the speaker is urging that something be done. The Latin equivalent is in the subjunctive mood, present tense, and is called "the hortatory subjunctive." It's not the future really, because it's not saying (take the above example), "We will become friends." Hope that clears it up a little for you or anyone else.

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