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14. Easy Adjectives

Oni's picture

There are 2 types of adjectives:

-i adjectives - adjectives that end in -i
-na adjectives - adjectives that add -na when placed before nouns

The -i adjectives change:

あつい atsui - (It's) hot || +i
あつくない atsukunai - not hot || -i + kunai
あつかった atsukatta - was hot || -i + katta
あつくなかった atsukunakatta - wasn't hot || -i + kunakatta

Learn this and you can use all -i adjectives!

The -na adjectives don't change! But when placed before nouns they add a -na

げんき genki (healthy, active, fine) r げんき genki na ko (healthy child)

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Hey you didn't describe it,

Hey you didn't describe it, how could i know which one is i and an adjective. Please reply.


Brooklyn's picture

With getting used to the

With getting used to the different adjectives. Progressively, you'll know the ones that are i and the ones that are na. Sometimes, there are ones that are both i and na adjectives, like ooki(na/i) and chiisa(na/i)...

please say no..

do we hav to learn n remember which ones are na and which ones are i?

Live to eat , don't eat to live :€

Maix's picture


Ok, this might sound stupid but...which ones are i and which ones are na?
The atsui and atsukunai must be i adjectives, so the atsukatta and atsukunakatta must be na right? Sooo the present time is i and the past tense is na, am I right?

皆様, 始めまして! :)


no...that's not what that means. The "i" adjectives are words like kawai.i or, like in the example,atsui.i. When they're conjugated, the second "i" may be dropped for whatever suffix is needed for the tense. "Na" adjectives need the "na" between itself and the noun it's describing. I hope that sort of clears it up for you.

re: i/na

An i adjective is determined by the base, it stays an i adjective. You can conjugate it to present, past, affirmative, negative, it doesn't matter. The above chart showed a single i adjective into the different conjugations. Below that chart had the example げんき as a na adjective.

Na adjectives conjugate like nouns rather than like i adjectives.

Here is a link to the adjectives section which will help to clear up your confusion :D



Maix's picture


Aaah, thanks for the explanation(and the link) ^^

皆様, 始めまして! :)

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