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There is / There are

Oni's picture

For inanimate objects (objects, plants...), end the sentence with ~が あります  ga arimasu

木 です。
ki desu.
It's a tree.  [lit. tree is.]  

 あります
ki ga arimasu.
There is a tree(s).  

For living things (people and animals) use ~が います ga imasu.

ねこ  います
neko ga imasu.
There is a cat(s).  

To show the negative just add -sen to the end

あります arimasu Arrow Image ありません arimasen
Another more casual form of arimasu
that you don't have to learn now is...
ある aru 
Arrow Image ない nai

 

います imasu Arrow Image いません imasen
Another more casual form of imasu
that you don't have to learn now is...
いる iru 
Arrow Image いない inai

Maybe you know these useful phrases: 

お願い が ありますonegai ga arimasu. I have a favor to ask.
問題ないmondai nai. No problem!  [this is the casual form of arimasen]

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How many trees?

My friend has taught me the days of the week and apparently Thursday is "tree day" but she always said mokuyoubi もくようび, so does moku and ki mean tree or is it different because its part of another word? Same with water and Wednesday. すいようび but she says water like みず

き means tree

Yes, き is tree, but もく is the reading of 木 in compound words, the same for 水 and みず・すいようび

Here it is being said that we

Here it is being said that we have to use arimasen with inanimate objects, but in previous pages we have seen examples using "dewa arimasen" for people. Eg: anata wa kirei dewa arimasen.

Flash Trauma's picture

でわありません

”でわありません” is mainly used as a negative form of ”です”.

Freedom is the depression caused by the awareness of reality.

ではありません

de wa arimasen is spelled ではありません
This 'wa' is the particle は.

In the case of あなた は きれい では ありません, in any case, it's the きれい that's being negated. Descriptions, even when they are descriptions of people, are negated with ではありません.

ジョンさん は ここ に いません would be a way to say 'John is not here' for an example of where ある is not used.

Flash Trauma's picture

Okay

Thanks, but I already knew what the word actually meant. I'm just used to じゃありません, and TBH I didn't really think of the "wa" as being the ”は” particle, so thanks for pointing that out. :)

Freedom is the depression caused by the awareness of reality.

desu

cant we just use "desu" ?

Live to eat , don't eat to live :€

I'd suppose it would still

I'd suppose it would still make sense, but arimasu and imasu both mean "to exist" and can actually be used to express that you have something...

Is it common to use arimasu

Is it common to use arimasu for have? Or is it better to use motte imasu?

It depends...

It depends on what you're trying to say exactly, but both あります and 持っています are used regularly for 'have'. Usually you can use either after a little rephrasing, but in cases where you'd use います for 'have' you can't use 持っています, e.g., 'I have a younger sister', 「僕には妹がいます」.

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