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Want to do~ ~たい

Oni's picture

First get the ~ます masu form of the verb you want to do.  Then drop the ~ます masu and add ~たい tai

たべます tabemasu (to eat) Arrow image たべ tabe Arrow image たべたい tabetai (want to eat)
のみます nomimasu (to drink) Arrow image のみ nomi Arrow image のみたい nomitai (want to drink)
します shimasu (to do) Arrow image shi Arrow image たい shitai (want to do)

Of course if you want to say "do you want to..." Just add ka

ケーキ を たべたい です  
ke-ki o tabetai desu ka? 
Do you want to eat cake?

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How to differentiate between -i & -na adj.

How to differentiate between -i & -na adjectives in their non past forms because both dont change in non past forms?

janai desu

can i say : ringo ga tabetai janai desu. for i dont want to eat the apple.....???

Live to eat , don't eat to live :€

No, the 〜たい form of verbs

No, the 〜たい form of verbs functions like an い-adjective, so the correct form would be:

りんごが食べたくないです
ringo ga tabetakunai desu

The verb form ~たい is an i-adjective

The verb form ~たい basically lets you express that you want to do something. You conjugate the verb into masu-form and drop the masu-stem, also known as 連用形(れんようけい、continuative form), and then you attach the ~たい to the end of it and you should end up with something like 食べたい、行きたい、飲みたい、and so on. It's also important to know that the ~たい verb form actually works exactly like an i-adjective. Thus you conjugate it just like an i-adjective to change the tense and/or change it into the negative form.

I'll write some simple examples just to get you started. Let's use 食べる(たべる、to eat) in the example.

First you start out by conjugating it into 食べたい which means "want to eat". It can then be conjugated just like an i-adjective to the following possibilities; 食べたくない(do not want to eat)、食べたかった(wanted to eat) and 食べたくなかった(did not want to eat).

Hope that answers your question.

english

thnx a lot ...it became easier when i got to know that this verb form is like i adjectives..
but i could not understand the "did not want" and "do not want" part BECAUSE I CANNOT READ JAPANESE SCRIPT (not yet).
so please could you translate the pronounciation in english script
thnQ

Live to eat , don't eat to live :€

tabetai

chotto henna desu ne . ringo o tabetai / ringo ga tabetai?

phreadom's picture

Well, "ringo o tabetai" just

Well, "ringo o tabetai" just means "I want to eat an apple".

"ringo ga tabetai" places the emphasis on the apple itself, implying that it's specifically an apple you want to eat rather than something else like a banana.

http://www.learn-japanese.info/lesson9.html

That page actually includes those two examples specifically.

猿も木から落ちる

Wow, Thanks!!!

Really good answer!!! Thank you veery much!!!

Pikos

The negative form?

What about "Don't want to ..."?

phreadom's picture

Please see LordOfTheFlies'

Please see LordOfTheFlies' response above. :) He forgot to hit the right "reply" link. ;)

猿も木から落ちる

is the "desu" necessary?

is the "desu" necessary?

The verb form ~たい is an i-adjective

Since the verb form ~たい basically is an i-adjective, you can drop the です if you want to. But you have to remember that です is the polite copula which you end sentences with if you want to speak politely. In other words, it's safer to go with です if you haven't grasped the concept of politeness in Japanese yet.

Also remember that since it's an i-adjective you can't end it with a だ, but you can just leave out です and it's still grammatically correct.

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