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Japanese Grammatical Terms

Japanese Grammatical Terms

Really these terms are not too important but they can help the learner understand grammatical concepts from Japanese books and when asking a grammar question to a Japanese person...

NOTE: this page needs more examples, please email Clay to help fill it out.

日本語 / ENGLISH - Examples in Blue
IN ORDER OF IMPORTANCE: (maybe)

名詞 meishi - noun (猫 neko cat, 本 hon book, 飛行機 hikouki plane...)


動詞 doushi - verb (食べる taberu to eat, 考える kangaeru to think, 話す hanasu to speak...)


形容詞 keiyoushi - adjective (青い aoi blue, かわいい kawaii cute, きれい kirei beautiful...)


副詞 fukushi - adverb


~形 ~kei - ~form (て形 te-form, ない形 nai-form (negative form), ます形 masu-form...)


代名詞 daimeishi - pronoun (彼 kare he, 彼ら karera they, あなた anata you)


人称代名詞 ninshou daimeishi - personal pronoun


自動詞 jidoushi - intransitive verb


他動詞 tadoushi - transitive verb


可能動詞 kanou doushi - potential verb


状態動詞 joutai doushi - stative verb


助詞 joshi - particle


使役 shieki - causative (~seru or ~saseru)


受け身 ukemi - passive (~reru or ~rareru)

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形容動詞

綺麗 or "kirei" is 形容動詞 ("keiyoudousi"), or nominal adjective. I think most people call that a "na-adjective".

Thanks

I appreciate the information. This will certainly help me when reading textbooks.

ありがとうございます。:」

ありがとうございます。:」

i need more help

please`
i´m want to improve more
soo please send me more information

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