です

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(Conjugation)
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です is a copula, or a word (verb) that connects two words. The best equivalent in English would be the verb "to be". です is not conjugated like the other verbs. The polite form of です is だ.
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です is a copula, or a word (verb) that connects two words. The best equivalent in English would be the verb "to be". However, です can often be used as merely a politeness marker which has no English equivalent. It is not conjugated like the other verbs.
== Conjugation ==
== Conjugation ==
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です goes at the end of a sentence to mean "to be (is, are, etc.). It is conjugated in the present and past as so:
+
です goes at the end of a sentence to mean "to be (is, are, etc.)". It is conjugated in the present and past as so:
-
Present Affirmative: です
+
Present Affirmative: です
-
Present Negative: ではありません
+
Present Negative: ではありません
-
Past Affirmative: でした
+
Past Affirmative: でした
-
Past Negative: ではありませんでした
+
Past Negative: ではありませんでした
The plain form of です, だ, also has somewhat irregular conjugations:
The plain form of です, だ, also has somewhat irregular conjugations:
-
Present Affirmative: だ
+
Present Affirmative: だ
-
Present Negative: ではない (じゃない in spoken language)
+
Present Negative: ではない (じゃない in spoken language)
-
Past Affirmative: だった
+
Past Affirmative: だった
-
Past Negative: ではなかった (じゃなかった in spoken language)
+
Past Negative: ではなかった (じゃなかった in spoken language)
== Example Sentences ==
== Example Sentences ==

Revision as of 15:40, 3 June 2007

です is a copula, or a word (verb) that connects two words. The best equivalent in English would be the verb "to be". However, です can often be used as merely a politeness marker which has no English equivalent. It is not conjugated like the other verbs.


Conjugation

です goes at the end of a sentence to mean "to be (is, are, etc.)". It is conjugated in the present and past as so:

Present Affirmative: です
Present Negative: ではありません
Past Affirmative: でした
Past Negative: ではありませんでした

The plain form of です, だ, also has somewhat irregular conjugations:

Present Affirmative: だ
Present Negative: ではない (じゃない in spoken language)
Past Affirmative: だった
Past Negative: ではなかった (じゃなかった in spoken language)


Example Sentences

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