Spot the differences!

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These are a series of constructions which have a somewhat similar function: they show different grades of (un)certainity about a characteristic or event. Do you know in which situation each one would be used and how much certainity it expresses?  
These are a series of constructions which have a somewhat similar function: they show different grades of (un)certainity about a characteristic or event. Do you know in which situation each one would be used and how much certainity it expresses?  
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They all revolve around a single phrase: その本は高い。/山田さんが入院した。
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They all revolve around a two phrases: その本は高い。/山田さんが入院した。
(They are all written in polite speech, except the first one. The part in bold is identical to all; just to make it easier.)
(They are all written in polite speech, except the first one. The part in bold is identical to all; just to make it easier.)
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'''その本は高'''いようです。
'''その本は高'''いようです。
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'''山田さんは入院'''したのかな。<Br>
'''山田さんは入院'''したのかな。<Br>

Revision as of 21:18, 2 January 2007

This looks difficult. This is probably difficult. ...I wonder if it's difficult?

These are a series of constructions which have a somewhat similar function: they show different grades of (un)certainity about a characteristic or event. Do you know in which situation each one would be used and how much certainity it expresses?

They all revolve around a two phrases: その本は高い。/山田さんが入院した。

(They are all written in polite speech, except the first one. The part in bold is identical to all; just to make it easier.)


その本は高いかな。

その本は高いでしょう。

その本は高いかもしれません。

その本は高いに違いありません。

その本は高いそうです。

その本は高そうです。

その本は高いらしいです。

その本は高いようです。


山田さんは入院したのかな。

山田さんは入院するでしょう。

山田さんが(は)入院したかもしれません。

山田さんは入院したに違いありません。

山田さんが(は)入院したそうです。

山田さんが(は)入院しそうです。

山田さんが(は)入院したらしいです。

山田さんが(は)入院したようです。

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