Wa vs Ha

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Of all the Japanese [[Kana|kana]] は is one of the most confusing to new learners.
Of all the Japanese [[Kana|kana]] は is one of the most confusing to new learners.
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は is pronounced 'ha' in normal words.  When は represents the [[Particles|particle]] は it is pronounced like 'wa' (e.g. the same as the kana わ).  To reflect that difference in most (but not '''all''') romaji systems は is written as 'wa' when it is the particle and 'ha' when it is not.
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は is pronounced 'ha' in normal words.  When は represents the [[Particles|particle]] は it is pronounced like 'wa' (i.e. the same as the kana わ).  To reflect that difference in most (but not '''all''') romaji systems は is written as 'wa' when it is the particle and 'ha' when it is not.
Note that several 'words' (more accurately customary idioms and phrases) include the particle は in them.  In those cases they are pronounced with 'wa'.
Note that several 'words' (more accurately customary idioms and phrases) include the particle は in them.  In those cases they are pronounced with 'wa'.
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こんにちは ''konnichiwa'' is one of those words that form the exception to the general rule.  In recent times, particularly with young Japanese women, it has come to be spelt as こんにちわ although that is technically a [[Writing and Conversation Points#Common mistakes|mistake]].
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こんにちは ''konnichiwa'' is one of those words that form the exception to the general rule.  In recent times, particularly with young Japanese, it has come to be spelt as こんにちわ although that is technically a [[Writing and Conversation Points#Common mistakes|mistake]].
Just to be confusing there is also a '''sentence ending''' particle わ (which is, of course, pronounced and spelt in romaji as 'wa').
Just to be confusing there is also a '''sentence ending''' particle わ (which is, of course, pronounced and spelt in romaji as 'wa').

Current revision as of 12:25, 4 December 2008

Of all the Japanese kana は is one of the most confusing to new learners.

は is pronounced 'ha' in normal words. When は represents the particle は it is pronounced like 'wa' (i.e. the same as the kana わ). To reflect that difference in most (but not all) romaji systems は is written as 'wa' when it is the particle and 'ha' when it is not.

Note that several 'words' (more accurately customary idioms and phrases) include the particle は in them. In those cases they are pronounced with 'wa'.

こんにちは konnichiwa is one of those words that form the exception to the general rule. In recent times, particularly with young Japanese, it has come to be spelt as こんにちわ although that is technically a mistake.

Just to be confusing there is also a sentence ending particle わ (which is, of course, pronounced and spelt in romaji as 'wa').

Relevant links

こんにちわ 撲滅委員会

誤字等の館 (談話室 15)

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