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On: カン; ケン
Kun:
あいだ; ま

Meaning: interval; space

Kanji Parts:

  • 門 (gate)
  • 日 (sun with a dot on its head)

Mnemonics:

  • The sun rises through the interval or space of the gates .

Examples:

  • 時間(じかん) time
  • 昼間(ひるま) daytime
  • 居間(いま) living room

The kanji 間 means "interval" or "space" and, as you should expect, when combined with other kanji, it adds a spatial or interval meaning to the word.

Kanji is fun that way. 

You can build meaning by adding meaningful parts, In this way, *sometimes* you can actually guess the meaning of unknown words as long as you know the meaning of the kanji.

Learning words (and therefore kanji) in groups is a good way to quickly increase your vocabulary since our brains are wired to look for meaning and similarities.

Read through each example and example sentence and try to understand the meaning.(あき)

(あいだ) as 「あいだ」 (interval; space)

First, let's look at a few usages of the kanji as a word by itself. We'll start with the「あいだ」 reading.

この(あいだ)(あそ)びに()てくれてありがとう。

Vocabulary & Translation


() as 「ま」 (time; pause; space)

And now an example with the「ま」 reading.

あっという()()わった。

Vocabulary & Translation


間 words using the 「かん・げん」 readings

There are many common words that use 間 with the 「かん」 reading such as:

時間(じかん) (time; hour)

一時間(いちじかん)ぐらいかかります。

Vocabulary & Translation


瞬間(しゅんかん) (moment; second; instant)

()った瞬間(しゅんかん)彼女(かのじょ)()きになってしまった。

Vocabulary & Translation


期間(きかん) (period; term; interval)

博覧会(はくらんかい)開催期間(かいさいきかん)(さん)(げつ)です。

Vocabulary & Translation


民間(みんかん) (civilian; non-governmental; private)

無差別爆撃(むさべつばくげき)民間人(みんかんじん)多数死亡(たすうしぼう)

Vocabulary & Translation


空間(くうかん) (space; room)

ここには、勉強(べんきょう)する空間(くうかん)がない。

Vocabulary & Translation


And one with 「げん」

人間(にんげん) (human being; man)

(みず)がなければ、人間(にんげん)()きられない。

Vocabulary & Translation


間 words using the 「ま」 reading

And here are a few with 「ま」.

昼間(ひるま) (daytime; during the day)

普段(ふだん)昼間(ひるま)だけ(はたら)きます。

Vocabulary & Translation


仲間(なかま) (companion; fellow; friend; mate)

(ひさ)しぶりに仲間(なかま)一緒(いっしょ)にレストランに()きました。

Vocabulary & Translation


手間(てま) (time; labor)

その仕事(しごと)非常(ひじょう)手間(てま)がかかる。

Vocabulary & Translation


隙間(すきま) (gap; opening; spare moment; interval; break) 

ドアの隙間(すきま)から、そっと(そと)()ました。

Vocabulary & Translation


合間(あいま) (interval; break; pause; spare moment)

仕事(しごと)合間(あいま)に、来年受(らいねんう)ける試験(しけん)勉強(べんきょう)をしようと(おも)います。

Vocabulary & Translation


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This lesson is totally free, but, as usual, MakotoPlus.com members get supplemental content for this lesson. If you are a member, please click here to download a printable PDF, Anki flashcard deck with sound, and all the sound files.


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