Various Colors in Japanese
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The Japanese word for “color” is 色 iro. The pun at the top of the page sounds like it repeats "iro" several times, but it means "various colors."
Grammatically, colors are used in two ways: as nouns and as adjectives.
The actual color names as nouns are listed in the colored area. The examples below show how to use the colors as nouns and how to make them into adjectives. When used as an adjective, most color names add a い.
1) 黄色はきれい。 Yellow is pretty. (This is a noun)
2) 黄色い鳥はきれいです。 The yellow bird is pretty. (This is an adjective and adds the い)
1) 空は青いです。 The sky is blue.
2) あの青い池はきれいです。That blue pond is pretty.
1) この花は赤いです。 This flower is red.
2) これは赤い花です。 This is a red flower.
1) 雪は白い。Snow is white.
2) 外国人は白いごはんをあまりたべない。Foreigners don’t usually eat plain, white rice (with no butter or salt…).
黒い服は好きじゃない。 I don’t like black clothes.
<to make this into an adjective that connects to another word, add の no>
1) 灰色のくつしたがほしい。 I want grey socks.
1) 紫のはなが一番好き。I like purple flowers the best.
1) 信号は緑です。 The traffic light is green.
2) 牛は緑の草を食べている。The cow is eating green grass.
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