July 31, 2023

インフレ and インフラ – Do you know which is which?

Learning Japanese: The difference between インフレ and インフラ

In the Japanese language, there are many words that sound similar but have different meanings. Today, we'll explore two such troublesome words imported from English: インフレ and インフラ.



two men pulling a dollar, stretching its value

1. インフレ Inflation

Originating from the English word "inflation", インフレ refers to the economic phenomenon where the general price level of goods and services is rising, and subsequently, purchasing power is falling.

Example Sentences:


Translation and Vocabulary


Translation and Vocabulary

Image of various infrastructure

2. インフラ Infrastructure

The term インフラ comes from the English word "infrastructure". In Japanese, it is used to refer to the basic facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including services necessary for its economy to function. Transportation systems, water supply, electricity, communication networks, public facilities, schools, and hospitals are a few examples.

Example Sentences:


Translation and Vocabulary


Translation and Vocabulary

These are easy to mix up, but here are two tips to keep them straight:

  • "Infrastructure" has a "ra" or ラ in the spelling.
  • If you mentally continue out the sound from the last vowel, it sounds like the English:
    インフレ - ends in "e" sound which sounds like the "a" in "Inflation"
    インフラ - ends in "a" sound which sounds like the "a" in "Infrastructure"

Keep practicing these words and their usage in context to enhance your Japanese language skills!

Sharing is caring!

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}

Level up your Japanese!


For Total Beginners

This 13-book study guide + worksheets bundle is ON SALE. For just one-time payment only, you will get this bundle for a very low price plus you will get future contents for free (no additional charge).

Easy to follow and understand

This bundle is perfect for absolute beginners. It's thorough without being wordy, giving you exactly enough information to understand the concepts without overloading you with information. 

TheJapanShop.com Customer

Makoto+ Membership

You'll notice many TheJapanesePage.com lessons have bonus content for Makoto+ Members. Well, membership goes well beyond that. Members also get our monthly magazine for learners of Japanese (Beginners to Intermediates), weekly exclusive lessons, Podcast bonus content, and much more.