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です・でした


 ABOUT: 
■ です is a copula and also shows existence. A copula links the subject of a sentence with an expression that describes or renames the subject. In English, this is "to be."

One function of です is like an equal sign.

クレイです。 "I am Clay." [I = Clay]
これは、(ほん)です。 "This is a book." [this = book]

It also describes some property or state of the subject.

この(ねこ)は、(しろ)です
This cat is white.
[white describes the cat.]


 How to Use:

■ There are two forms: polite and informal, each with negative and past forms.


Polite

Informal

Non-past

です

Non-past Negative

ではありません
or
じゃありません

ではない
or
じゃない

Past

でした

だった

Past Negative

ではありませんでした or
じゃありませんでした

ではなかった
or
じゃなかった


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