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~ませんか? Won't you ...?

won't you; used to ask a question, invitation, or to express desires to do something in the negative

-masu Verb negative + ませんか

例文(れいぶん) EXAMPLE SENTENCE

(おど)ませんか

dance-not-question
Won’t you dance (with me)?

Vocabulary & Notes


レストランに()ませんか

restaurant-to-go-not-question
Why don’t we go to the restaurant?

Vocabulary & Notes


日本語(にほんご)文法(ぶんぽう)勉強(べんきょう)ませんか

Japanese-‘s-grammar-(direct object)-study-not-question
Why don’t we study Japanese grammar?

Vocabulary & Notes


COMMENTS

Opposite of ~やすい (but used in the same way)

Add to the -ます form of a verb:

()べる →  () ます → ()べにくい
to eat → to eat (polite) → difficult to eat

Grammar Power Words from JLPT N4

Masenka (~ませんか)

~ませんか
~masen ka
Meaning: won’t you…, wouldn’t you like to…
JLPT Level: N4
Examples

踊りませんか?
odorimasen ka?
dance-not-question
Won’t you dance (with me)?

レストランに行きませんか?
resutoran ni ikimasen ka?
restaurant-to-go-not-question
Why don’t we go to the restaurant?

Notes: meaning: Let’s go out to eat.

日本語の文法を勉強しませんか?
nihongo no bunpou o benkyou shimasen ka?
Japanese-‘s-grammar-(direct object)-study-not-question
Why don’t we study Japanese grammar?

Notes: Sounds like a good idea.

Comments

This is similar to our English construction: “Won’t you…” or “Don’t you want to…” which despite the negative, it is actually asking for it to be done.

formed by adding か to the negative form of ~ます

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