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December 13, 2022

List of Japanese -i Adjectives with Sound and Examples

Makoto+ Members, click here to download all the sound files and an Anki flashcard deck just for this lesson. Practice makes perfect!

This list was originally compiled by two TJP volunteers, Daisuke and Oni, many years ago. Many thanks to both of them!


Temperature

(あつ)い 

hot (thing)

(あつ)い 

hot (weather)

(つめ)たい 

cold (to the touch)

(さむ)い 

cold (weather)

(あたた)かい

warm

(すず)しい

cool

(ぬる)

lukewarm; not hot enough


Amount/Cost

(おお)

many; numerous; much

(すく)ない

few; little; limited; scarce

(たか)い 

expensive; tall

(やす)い 

cheap


Size/Area

(とお)い 

far; distant

(ちか)い 

close; near

(ひろ)

wide; broad; spacious

(せま)

narrow; small; restricted; cramped

(ふと)

thick; fat

(おお)きい 

big

(ちい)さい

small

(なが)

long

(みじか)

short

(ひく)

short; low

(ほそ)

 thin; fine; slender; narrow


Feelings

(いそが)しい 

busy

(うれ)しい 

happy

(かな)しい 

sad

(ねむ)い 

sleepy

可愛(かわい)

cute; sweet; charming

面白(おもしろ)

interesting

(うつく)しい

beautiful

(たの)しい

pleasant

()しい

 want; desire

(あか)るい

bright

(くら)

dark; dim; gloomy


Age

(あたら)しい 

new

(ふる)い 

old (inanimate only; not with people or animals)

(わか)

young


Degree & Descriptions

いい

good

(わる)

bad

(かる)

light; trifling

(おも)

heavy; severe; grave

(むずか)しい

hard; difficult

(やさ)しい

kind; simple; easy

()

thick; strong (flavor, smell)

(うす)

 thin; weak

(つよ)

 strong; powerful

(よわ)

 weak; frail

うるさい

noisy

(あぶ)ない

dangerous; risky

(いた)

painful; sore

(きたな)

dirty (as in dusty or muddy)


Time/Speed

(おそ)

late; slow

(はや)

early

(はや)

 fast; quick


Food/Fun

(から)

 hot (taste); salty

(あま)

 sweet

まずい

unappetizing; poor

美味(おい)しい 

delicious; tasty


Colors

(あか)

red

(しろ)い 

white

(くろ)い 

black

(あお)

blue


Examples

今日(きょう)(あつ)いです。 

Today is hot.

日本語(にほんご)(むずか)しいです。 

Japanese is hard.

(ぼく)(ねむ)いです。

I am sleepy.


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