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Japanese Grammar: なら

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There are several ways to express the meaning behind “if” in Japanese. なら is one of them. It means “if the preceding phrase is true, then…”

Using なら Japanese grammar

It may be best to memorize example sentences.

-i Adjectives: Adjective + なら [You can also use の: -i Adj + の + なら]


(たか)いなら、()わない。

takai nara, kawanai.
If it is expensive, I won’t buy it.

Vocabulary & Notes

面白(おもしろ)いなら、()たい。

omoshiroi nara, mitai.
If it is interesting, I want to see it.

Vocabulary & Notes



Verbs: Plain form + なら [You can also use の: Plain form + の + なら]


あなたが()くなら、(わたし)()きます。

anata ga iku nara, watashi mo ikimasu.
If you are going, I’ll go too.

Vocabulary & Notes

チョコレートを()べるなら、()をみがきなさい。

chokore-to o taberu nara, ha o migakinasai.
If you are going to eat chocolate, brush your teeth.

Vocabulary & Notes


(かね)があるなら、テレビを()いなさい。

okane ga aru nara, terebi o kainasai.
If you have money, go ahead and buy a TV.

Vocabulary & Notes




Finally, here are a few common usages with nouns:


あなたなら、できる。

anata nara, dekiru.
If it is you (doing it), you can do it. (it can be done)

Vocabulary & Notes

大人(おとな)なら、そんなことはしない。

otona nara, sonna koto wa shinai.
An adult wouldn’t do such a thing.
(if it is an adult, the adult wouldn’t do such a thing.)

Vocabulary & Notes


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