Here are a few fun words all ending with a り. These onomatopoeia are adverbs (modifies verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs) or する nouns. If you are a Makoto+ member, here's your bonus download.
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Before we get started, if you are a Makoto+ member (any level), great news! You can download bonus content for this lesson. Download a 12 page PDF that covers 50 more of these special words. The download also includes all the example sentences sound files, and a 100 card Anki flashcard deck with pitch accent diagrams and sound. Click here if you are a member. Click here if you aren't a member to learn more about our Makoto+ membership program. It's cheap in price but not in content!
About these Words
This collection of words are hard to classify neatly other than:
- They all are made of four hiragana,
- End in ～り,
- Most include a small っ, and
- Most are onomatopoeic
They are adverbs, but not always. Some can be adjectives or する verbs. びっくり (to be surprised) is usually a する verb, for example.
The と after Onomatopoeic Words
You’ll notice a と placed after some of the words in the example sentences. This is because these words are onomatopoeic in nature and onomatopoeic adverbs are often followed by the と particle.
This doesn’t change the meaning, but gives emphasis to the word.
Some words sound better with the と, some sound better without it, and sometimes it is just added for emphasis. Unfortunately, this is just something you'll have to get a feel for through experience.
Sound as Meaning
Onomatopoeic sounds in Japanese convey meaning much more so than in English. Keeping this in mind might help remember these words. Also, the small っ often describes something that comes and goes suddenly. For example:
- さっ words tend to emphasize “speed” or “nimbleness”
- ばっ words are sudden and explosive
- きらっ words flash brightly
Ready to get started? Let's learn these 12 very useful ～り words. Spend time working through the example sentences to understand how they are used.
びっくり To Be Surprised
Someone suddenly tapped me on the shoulder, surprising me.
- 急に suddenly
- 後ろからfrom behind
- を (direct object marker)
- たたかれたwas clapped; was tapped (passive)
- のでtherefore; because of that
- びっくりした was surprised
jack-in-the-box | ビックリマーク exclamation mark !
がっかり To Be Disappointed
This week’s test score was bad, therefore I was deeply disappointed.
Someone was sneaking around the house, so I called the police.
- こっそりと sneakily
- 家 house
- のぞいている peeking [from 覗く (to peek)]
- 人 person
- のぞいている人 a person peeping
- いた there was; existed
- ので therefore; because of that
- 警察に to police
- 電話した called; telephoned
のんびり In a Relaxed Manner
This week was busy so tomorrow I will take it easy.
- 今週 this week
- 忙しかった was busy
- ので therefore; because of that
- 明日 tomorrow
- のんびりしたい want to relax
そっくり Exactly Like
Those two, being twins, look exactly the same.
- あの that over there
- 二人 two people
- 双子 twins
- なので therefore
- 顔 face
- そっくり look just like
- だ was (simple past of です)
I went to the supermarket wanting to go shopping when I realized I had carelessly forgotten my wallet.
- 買い物 shopping
- しようと intent to do
- スーパーに to the supermarket
- 来た came [simple past of 来る to come]
- が but; however
- うっかり carelessly
- 財布 wallet
- 忘れたこと something forgotten [the こと makes "forgot" into a noun phrase which is what he/she remembered]
- に気が付いた realized; came to mind
たっぷり In Plenty
He slept plenty.
- 彼 he
- たっぷりと fully; plentifully [the と makes たっぷり into an adverb modifying 眠った.]
- 眠った slept
ちょっぴり A Tiny Bit
That child only ate a little bit of his/her veggies.
- あの子 that child
- 野菜 vegetables
- ちょっぴり a little bit
- しか only; just
- 食べなかった didn't eat
At the zoo, the lion slowly walked around his cage.
- 動物園 zoo
- で at
- ライオン lion
- ゆっくりと slowly [the と makes ゆっくり into an adverb modifying how he walked]
- おりの中 inside the cage
- 歩いていた was walking
うっとり With Rapt Attention
She looked at a photo of an actor she likes with rapt attention.
- 彼女 she; her
- 大好きな love; to like a lot
- 俳優 actor; actress
- 写真 photograph
- 見て looking
- うっとりと with great attention
- している doing
When I changed glasses, I was able to see everything clearly.
- 眼鏡 (eye) glasses
- とりかえたら upon switching; upon changing
- すべて all
- すべてのもの all things; everything
- はっきりと -clearly
- 見える able to see
- ようになった come to be that; reached that point
After cleaning, the whole house was pleasantly refreshed.
- 掃除 cleaning
- したら upon doing
- 家の中 inside the house
- すっきりした became refreshed; felt good
Want more? Members get 50 more words!
If you are a Makoto+ member (any level), great news! You can download bonus content for this lesson. Download a 12 page PDF that covers 50 more of these special words. The download also includes all the example sentences sound files, and a 100 card Anki flashcard deck. Click here if you are a member. Click here if you aren't a member to learn more about our Makoto+ membership program. It's cheap in price but not in content!