fbpx

0 Comments

December 27, 2021

仕事納め The Last Day of Work (for the Year)

In most of the Western world, the days following Christmas is a time of relaxation and enjoying being with family.

In Japan, however, Christmas Day is still a working day for many salarymen and for those at home, the days leading up to New Year's Day are filled with busy work such as 大掃除(おおそうじ) oosouji (end-of-year cleaning) and cooking.

New Year's Day comes around and salarymen and homemakers alike can finally enjoy a day of relaxation with family. 

Busy work at year end

What is the end of December like for the salaryman?

Prior to New Year's Day, they are most busy wrapping up the year's workload, contacting and thanking clients for their patronage, and, of course, enjoying (and probably soon regretting) the year end 忘年会ぼうねんかい (year-end "forget-the-year" party).

But did you know there is a set time for when work officially ends? This is called:

仕事納(しごとおさ)
shigoto osame 

Usually, this is around December 28th but can vary if it falls on a weekend.

There is another phrase that is very similar: 

御用納(ごようおさ)

goyou osame

It also means "year-end office closing."


What's the difference between 仕事納しごとおさめ and 御用納ごようおさめ?

The only difference is 御用納ごようおさめ is used by official governmental offices which is set by law whereas  仕事納しごとおさめ is used by private companies and offices. The  御用ごよう is an Edo Period term used by the 幕府(ばくふ) bakufu Tokugawa government to instruct the court and various provinces when work was to be completed.

Today, government offices are closed from December 29 to January 3.

Of course, private enterprises can choose when to work and when not to work, but for most, the  仕事納しごとおさめ follows the government offices and stops work around December 28th and resumes January 4th. On the lucky years that January 4th falls on a weekend, work could start as late as January 6th!


Vocabulary

大掃除おおそうじ 

major cleaning; year-end cleaning


仕事納しごとおさ

(private enterprise) year-end office closing (usually December 28th - may be different depending on if it falls on the weekend)


御用納ごようおさ

(governmental) year-end office closing (usually December 28th - may be different depending on if it falls on the weekend)


仕事始(しごとはじ)

Work begins after New Year's vacation (usually January 4th)


大納会(だいのうかい)

the last session of the year; last trading day of the year


大発会(だいはっかい)

first session (trading day) of the year


年末年始(ねんまつねんし)

ew Year's holiday; period of time from the close of the old year to the start of the New Year


休暇(きゅうか)

holiday; day off


忘年会ぼうねんかい

year-end "forget-the-year" party


新年会しんねんかい

New Year's party

Sharing is caring!

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}

Level up your Japanese!

Hot Deal at TheJapanShop.com | 70% OFF | For ABSOLUTE BEGINNER

#1

This 13-book study guide + worksheets bundle is ON SALE. For just one-time payment only, you will get this bundle for a very low price plus you will get future contents for free (no additional charge).

Beri- Beri- Shoshinsha is more sequential and has a suggested path for studying and specifically designed for a total beginner of learning Japanese language.

This beginner's bundle includes over a dozen eBooks on Japanese grammar, reading, conversation, and understanding the basics of Japanese. These aren't just simple PDFs either. Every eBook includes PDFs, ePubs, and Kindle MOBI files. AND best of all, every Japanese example or story has a sound file recorded by a native Japanese speaker. Even better, the stories (graded for beginners) include a slowed-down version as well as a normal-speed version of each story.

$64.87 Regular Price , Now at $20 One-time Payment Only + Lifetime Updates!

5 of 5 stars

DISCOVER HOW MAKOTO+ CAN BOOST YOUR JAPANESE! | Starts with a free trial

#2
subscribe to makotoplus

Makoto+ isn’t just a subscription to our monthly Makoto e-zine! It is packed with fun stuff for beginners to intermediates with new exclusive content published several times a week.

**The fun Japanese not usually found in textbook**

  • Laughs, Jokes, Riddles, and Puns
  • Vocabulary
  • Prefecture Spotlight
  • Etymology
  • Anime Phrase of the Day
  • Haiku
  • Kanji Spotlight
  • Grammar Time!
  • Japanese Readers and sooo much more
  • 5 of 5 stars

    >