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Ko-So-A-Do

The ko-so-a-do may seem difficult to grasp, but they are very regular. Learning them early on will definitely help with your progress.

The key is to understand the three positions:

  1. Near the speaker [the "k" words]
  2. Near the listener [the "s" words]
  3. Away from both [the "a" words]

The fourth, "d" words," are the question words.

ここ/そこ/あそこ/どこ


 ABOUT: 

By now, you should understand こ words represent something close to the speaker, そ words represent something close to the listener, あ words are far from both, and ど is the question word.

Now, let's look at location words. Where? Here, there, and over there.

Form: Standalone words to show location.

ここ

Here

そこ

There

あそこ

Over there

どこ

Where?

 Examples:

ここ()んでいます。
I live here.

そこ(すわ)ってください。
Please sit there.

あそこのレストランは、いいです。
That restaurant is good.
[a restaurant far from both speakers]

どこのレストランですか?
Which restaurant?



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