The ko-so-a-do may seem difficult to grasp, but they are very regular. Learning them early on will definitely help with your progress.
The key is to understand the three positions:
- Near the speaker [the "k" words]
- Near the listener [the "s" words]
- Away from both [the "a" words]
The fourth, "d" words," are the question words.
The last form of こそあど that we'll look at points out a direction. This way, that way, that way over there, and which way?
■ Form: Standalone words to show direction.
That way over there
A less formal way of saying these are:
Please go this way.
I will go to you (that way toward you).
There is a bathroom over there. (Away from both speakers)
Where are you from?
[Literally, your origin-which way-is it?]