June 29, 2021

JLPT N5 Grammar: Conjunctions: But


■  As a particle, が usually indicates the sentence subject. Let's look at が as a conjunction that combines two sentences to express contrastive thoughts. In other words, "but."

While this is the most common usage, it can be used simply as a transition word to combine two sentences without necessarily contrasting.

HOW to use:

■ Sentence 1 + が + Sentence 2  
[Both sentences need to be in the same formal or informal form.]


I went to the supermarket, but there was no bread.

Let's break that into two sentences:

スーパーに()った。 (I) went to the supermarket.
が    but
パンがなかった。 There was no bread.


I'm going to see a movie. Won't you come?

In this case, you are using が as a softener. It is used to show you are casually bringing up the subject just in case the offer is rejected and you lose face.

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