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Adjectives


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■ In Japanese, there are two types of adjectives:
い adjectives and な adjectives. The い adjectives are easy to recognize because they end with い.
■ な adjectives are everything else. There are a few なadjectives that end in い like きれい (pretty) and
きらい (dislike). Memorize those two exceptions.

Examples: adjectives

(あつ)

hot

(たか)

expensive; high

おいしい

delicious

Examples: adjectives [Add the before nouns]

(しず)

quiet

簡単(かんたん)

easy

親切(しんせつ)

kind

Adjectives are their very best when modifying nouns. Let's see how to do that with い and な adjectives.
Examples with Nouns: adjectives [Simply add a noun]

(あつ)()

a hot day

(たか)いビル)

a high building

おいしいすし)

delicious sushi

Examples with Nouns: adjectives [Add the before nouns]

(しず)ところ)

a quiet place

簡単(かんたん)テスト)

an easy test

親切(しんせつ)(ひと))

a kind person

Adjectives in Japanese can turn into adverbs (used to modify verbs instead of nouns) by changing the to for adjectives and changing the to for adjectives.

Adverbial Examples: adjectives [drop and add before the verb]

(あつ)なります)

will become hot

(たか)なります)

became higher (price or height)

おいしします))

to make (something) delicious

Examples: な adjectives [drop the な and add に]

(しず)(はな)します)

quietly speak

簡単(かんたん)できました)

easily done

親切(しんせつ)()いました))

speaking kindly

For the non-past tense, that is about it. Now, let's look at how to use adjectives in the past and negatively.



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