■ Using the ます/です form is the easiest way to make your Japanese polite. In fact, it would be best to use
ます/です all the time. The dictionary form (or plain form) should only be used with close friends and family.

Study Notes:

Formal Form: Useful in most any situation.  Add ます to the stem of a verb.

Plain Form

Formal Form

to eat

to eat

to ride in a car

to ride in a car

Verbs in Japanese do not change whether the subject is singular or plural:

(わたし)は、()べます。 I eat.
(わたし)たちは、()べます。 We eat.

 How to Use:

Add ~ます after the stem of a verb.

Inflection: Verbs are inflected (form is changed) with past or non-past tenses and affirmative or negative forms.


()べる to eat (plain form)
-> ()べます to eat (formal form)

(くるま)()る to ride in a car (plain form)
-> (くるま)()ります to ride in a car (formal form)

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