March 3, 2020

JLPT N5 Grammar: ~ます ~masu



■ Using the ます/です form is the easiest way to make your Japanese polite. In fact, it would be best to use
ます/です all the time. The dictionary form (or plain form) should only be used with close friends and family.

Study Notes:

Formal Form: Useful in most any situation.  Add ます to the stem of a verb.

Plain Form

Formal Form

to eat

to eat

to ride in a car

to ride in a car

Verbs in Japanese do not change whether the subject is singular or plural:

(わたし)は、()べます。 I eat.
(わたし)たちは、()べます。 We eat.

 How to Use:

Add ~ます after the stem of a verb.

Inflection: Verbs are inflected (form is changed) with past or non-past tenses and affirmative or negative forms.


()べる to eat (plain form)
-> ()べます to eat (formal form)

(くるま)()る to ride in a car (plain form)
-> (くるま)()ります to ride in a car (formal form)

Sharing is caring!

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}

Level up your Japanese!


For Total Beginners

Japanese for beginners - Beri-Beri Shoshinsha

This 15-book study guide + worksheets bundle is ON SALE. For just one-time payment only, you will get this bundle for a very low price plus you will get future contents for free (no additional charge).

Easy to follow and understand

This bundle is perfect for absolute beginners. It's thorough without being wordy, giving you exactly enough information to understand the concepts without overloading you with information. 

TheJapanShop.com Customer

Makoto+ Membership

You'll notice many TheJapanesePage.com lessons have bonus content for Makoto+ Members. Well, membership goes well beyond that. Members also get our monthly magazine for learners of Japanese (Beginners to Intermediates), weekly exclusive lessons, Podcast bonus content, and much more.