June 29, 2021

JLPT N5 Grammar: たち・がた・ら


■  These are plural markers for personal pronouns or proper nouns for people.

HOW to use:

たち: Useful in most any situation. Used with all pronouns except (かれ) (he). Used with nouns and names of people.

→  (わたし)たち
→ あなたたち
彼女(かのじょ)たち they (female) [(かれ) he takes ら in the plural: (かれ)they]
→ 青木さんたち the Aokis
生徒(せいと)たち the students

がた: This is an honorific plural marker which is mostly used with あなた and a few respectful positions and professions (mother, professor, teacher).

→ あなたがた you (plural; respectful)
先生(せんせい)がた the teachers (respectful)

: This is the least formal plural marker. It can be used with humble and non-formal pronouns.

(ぼく) we; us [(ぼく) has a humble feel. You can use this with わたし but you wouldn't use it with the honorific わたくし]
(きみ) you (plural) [(きみ) is also humble. ら can be used withお(まえ) but not あなた. This is used for one's peers or those younger than you, but not for those older or higher up socially.]
(かれ) they (male or mixed)
彼女(かのじょ) they (female)
→ お(まえ) you guys (a little rude/familiar)

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