Kanji: 前 mae Before

Remember: there is a month in there.
JLPT N5: 33 / 100 | 9 Strokes

On: ゼン
Kun: まえ
Meaning: 1) before; previous; 2) in front of

This versatile word is used with time and space:

  • TIME: ago; before; past; previous: 一時間前(いちじかんまえ) (one hour ago)
  • SPACE: in front of: 駅前(えきまえ) (in front of the train station)

Kanji Parts:

  • 并 (put together) [the top part]
  • 月 (moon; month)
  • 刂 (knife) [shortened form of (かたな)]

Stroke Order:


  • 前書(まえが)き  preface [lit. before the writing]
  • 二年前(ふたねんまえ) two years ago
  • 名前(なまえ) name

Example Sentence:


What is your name?

  • 名前(なまえ) (your) name [honorific]
  • は as for  (topic marker)
  • (なん) what
  • ですか is it?

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