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ๆ‰Œ hand

ๅœŸ soil

ๅœ divination stick

Main Meaning: hang

kun: ใ‹ใƒปใ‘ใ‚‹๏ผ›ใ‹ใƒปใ‹ใ‚‹
on: ใ‚ซใ‚ค๏ผ›ใ‚ฑใ‚ค

Use your hand ๆ‰Œ with two gobs of sticky soil ๅœŸ to hang a stick ๅœ on the wall

ABOUT ใ‹ใ‘ใ‚‹ใƒปใ‹ใ‹ใ‚‹

ๆŽ› is usually the kanji behind the power word: ใ‹ใ‘ใ‚‹ (transitive) or ใ‹ใ‹ใ‚‹ (intransitive). This word can have many, many meanings depending on the context. It can mean to hang, to put on, to spend, to pour, to turn on, and more. Some of the usages are idiomatic (่…ฐ(ใ“ใ—)ใ‚’ๆŽ›(ใ‹)ใ‘ใ‚‹ koshi o kakeru - to take a seat) and may need to be memorized, but you can usually get a sense of "hanging" or "securing" something to something.

That being said, while this kanji is important, it actually isn't used very often. Most of the time ใ‹ใ‘ใ‚‹ is written in kana alone. It is important to learn as it does pop up here and there.

A note on "transitive" (ไป–ๅ‹•่ฉž(ใŸใฉใ†ใ—)) and "intransitive" (่‡ชๅ‹•่ฉžใ˜ใฉใ†ใ—) verbs. 

ไป–ๅ‹•่ฉžใŸใฉใ†ใ—ใ€€

Transitive


  • ไป– means "other." 
  • Therefore, the action is done by someone else.
  • Expresses an action that changes a state or condition caused by something else.
  • Moved by something

่‡ชๅ‹•่ฉž(ใ˜ใฉใ†ใ—)

Intransitive


  • ่‡ช means "self."
  • Therefore, the action is done by itself.
  • Expresses an ongoing state or condition (existing) or an act caused by itself.
  • Moves on its own

ใ‹ใ‘ใ‚‹

(someone) hangs (something)

ใ‹ใ‹ใ‚‹

(the state of) hanging

ๅฃใซ็ตตใ‚’ใ‹ใ‘ใพใ™ใ€‚

kabe ni e o kakemasu.

(I) will put a picture on the wall.

ๅฃใซ็ตตใŒใ‹ใ‹ใฃใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

kabe ni e ga kakatte imasu.

A picture is hanging on the wall.


Let's look at a few examples illustrating different meanings of ๆŽ›ใ‘ใ‚‹ or ๆŽ›ใ‹ใ‚‹ (again, usually written in kana only). 


To hang (a coat; a picture to the wall)

ใ“ใฎๅ†™็œŸ(ใ—ใ‚ƒใ—ใ‚“)ใ‚’ๅฃ(ใ‹ใน)ใซๆŽ›(ใ‹)ใ‘ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚

kono shashin o kabe ni kakete kudasai.
Please hang this photo on the wall.



To wear (glasses; necklaces; etc)

ๆ™ฎๆฎต(ใตใ ใ‚“)ใฏใ€็œผ้ก(ใ‚ใŒใญ)ใ‚’ใ‹ใ‘ใฆใ„ใพใ™ใ€‚

fudan wa, megane o kakete imasu.
Usually, I wear glasses.



To make a call

้’ๆœจ(ใ‚ใŠใ)ใ•ใ‚“ใซ้›ป่ฉฑ(ใงใ‚“ใ‚)ใ‚’ใ‹ใ‘ใพใ™ใ€‚

aoki san ni denwa o kakemasu.
I will call Mr (or Ms.) Aoki.



To spend (money or time)

ใ“ใฎไป•ไบ‹(ใ—ใ”ใจ)ใฏใ‹ใชใ‚Šๆ™‚้–“(ใ˜ใ‹ใ‚“)ใŒใ‹ใ‹ใ‚Šใพใ—ใŸใ€‚

kono shigoto wa kanari jikan ga kakarimashita.
This work took quite a bit of time.



To pour (liquid); to sprinkle (powder or spices)

ๅฐ‘(ใ™ใ“)ใ—ๅกฉ(ใ—ใŠ)ใ‚’ใ‹ใ‘ใŸใ‚‰ใ€ใŠใ„ใ—ใ„ใงใ™ใ‚ˆใ€‚

sukoshi shio o kaketara, oishii desu yo.
If you add a touch of salt, it is delicious.



To start (an engine); to set (a dial)

่ปŠ(ใใ‚‹ใพ)ใฎใ‚จใƒณใ‚ธใƒณใ‚’ใ‹ใ‘ใŸใจใŸใ‚“ใ€็ˆ†็™บ(ใฐใใฏใค)ใ—ใŸ๏ผ

kuruma no enjin o kaketa totan, bakuhatsu shita!
The moment I started the engine, it blew up!



To cause trouble for someone (idiomatic)

ใ”่ฟทๆƒ‘(ใ‚ใ„ใ‚ใ)ใ‚’ใŠใ‹ใ‘ใ—ใฆ็”ณ(ใ‚‚ใ†)ใ—่จณ(ใ‚ใ‘)ใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ›ใ‚“ใ€‚

go meiwaku o okakeshite moushi wake arimasen.
I'm terribly sorry for causing such trouble.



To multiply (math)

๏ผ‘(ใ„ใก)ใ‹ใ‘ใ‚‹๏ผ‘(ใ„ใก)ใฏ๏ผ‘(ใ„ใก)ใ ใ€‚

ichi kakeru ichi wa ichi da.
One times one is one



To lock

้ต(ใ‹ใŽ)ใ‚’ใ‹ใ‘ใ‚‹ใฎใ‚’ๅฟ˜(ใ‚ใ™)ใ‚Œใฆใ—ใพใฃใŸใ€‚

kagi o kakeru no o wasurete shimatta.
I totally forgot to lock the door.



To take a seat

ใฉใ†ใžใ€่…ฐ(ใ“ใ—)ใ‚’ใ‹ใ‘ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚

douzo, koshi o kakete kudasai.
Please have a seat.


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